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Unit Objectives Power Point Viewer
Inquiry 2013  ppt icon Presentation
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We will be using these skills throughout the school year. All questions on the state test that come from these objectives are tested at a level 3, which is the highest level question type.

INQUIRY State Objectives to be tested

1. Draw conclusions from scientific investigations including controlled experiments.

a. Design, conduct, and analyze conclusions from an investigation that includes using experimental controls. (DOK 3)

b. Distinguish between qualitative and quantitative observations and make inferences based on observations. (DOK 3)

c. Summarize data to show the cause and effect relationship between qualitative and quantitative observations (using standard, metric, and non-standard units of measurement). (DOK 3)

Tools (e.g., English rulers [to the nearest one-sixteenth of an inch], metric rulers [to the nearest millimeter], thermometers, scales, hand lenses, microscopes, balances, clocks, calculators, anemometers, rain gauges, barometers, hygrometers, telescopes, compasses, spring scales, pH indicators, stopwatches, graduated cylinders, medicine droppers)

  • Types of data (e.g., linear measures, mass, volume, temperature, area, perimeter)
  • Resources (e.g., Internet, electronic encyclopedias, journals, community resources, etc.)

d. Analyze evidence that is used to form explanations and draw conclusions. (DOK 3)

e. Develop a logical argument defending conclusions of an experimental method. (DOK 3)

f. Develop a logical argument to explain why perfectly designed solutions do not exist. (DOK 3)

g. Justify a scientist’s need to revise conclusions after encountering new experimental evidence that does not match existing explanations. (DOK 3)

h. Analyze different ideas and recognize the skepticism of others as part of the scientific process in considering alternative conclusions. (DOK 3)

Chemistry of Matter  ppt icon Presentation
atoms, periodic table, chemical formulas, & Law of Conservation of Mass
atoms, periodic table, chemical formulas, & Law of Conservation of Mass

2a. Identify patterns found in chemical symbols, formulas, reactions, and equations that apply to the law of conservation of mass. (DOK 1)

  • Chemical symbols and chemical formulas of common substances such as NaCl (table salt), H20 (water), C6H12O6 (sugar), O2 (oxygen gas), CO2 (carbon dioxide), and N2 (nitrogen gas)
  • Mass of reactants before a change and products after a change
  • Balanced chemical equations such as photosynthesis and respiration

 

2b. Predict the properties and interactions of given elements using the periodic table of the elements. (DOK 2)

  • Metals and nonmetals
  • Acids and bases
  • Chemical changes in matter (e.g., rusting [slow oxidation], combustion [fast oxidation], food spoilage)
Motion & Newton`s Laws  ppt icon Presentation
Newton`s Cradle
Newton`s Cradle

 2c. Distinguish the motion of an object by its position, direction of motion, speed, and acceleration and represent resulting data in graphic form in order to make a prediction. (DOK 2)

2f.  Recognize Newton’s Three Laws of Motion and identify situations that illustrate each law (e.g., inertia, acceleration, action, reaction forces). (DOK 2)

Electricity & Conservation  ppt icon Presentation
Power Grid
Power Grid

2d. Relate how electrical energy transfers through electric circuits, generators,and power grids, including the importance of contributions from Mississippicompanies. (DOK 2)

  • The Electrical Power Products Division of Howard Industries, a leading manufacturer of electrical distribution equipment in such locations as Laurel and Ellisville, MS
  • Kuhlman Electric Corporation, located in Crystal Springs, MS

 4d. Research the importance of the conservation of renewable and nonrenewable resources, including (but not limited to) Mississippi, and justify methods that might be useful in decreasing the human impact on global warming. (DOK 3)

  • Greenhouse gases
  • The effects of the human population
  • Relationships of the cycles of water, carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen
Cell structure & Function  ppt icon Presentation
Blood
Blood

3. Compare and contrast the structure and functions of the cell, levels of organization of living things, basis of heredity, and adaptations that explain variations in populations.

3 b. Compare and contrast the major components and functions of different types of cells. (DOK 2)

  • Differences in plant and animal cells Structures (nucleus, cytoplasm, cell membrane, cell wall, mitochondrion, and nuclear membrane)
  • Different types of cells and tissues (e.g., epithelial, nerve, bone, blood, muscle)

3c. Describe how viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites may infect the human body and interfere with normal body functions. (DOK 1)

3g. Research and draw conclusions about the use of single-celled organisms in industry, in the production of food, and impacts on life. (DOK 3)

 

 

Infectious Cells  ppt icon Presentation
Virus
Virus

3. Compare and contrast the structure and functions of the cell, levels of organization of living things, basis of heredity, and adaptations that explain variations in populations.

3c. Describe how viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites may infect the human body and interfere with normal body functions. (DOK 1)

3g. Research and draw conclusions about the use of single-celled organisms in industry, in the production of food, and impacts on life. (DOK 3)

 

 

genetics  ppt icon Presentation
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3. Compare and contrast the structure and functions of the cell, levels of organization of living things, basis of heredity, and adaptations that explain variations in populations.

3d. Describe heredity as the passage of instructions from one generation to another and recognize that hereditary information is contained in genes, located in the chromosomes of each cell. (DOK 2)

  • How traits are passed from parents to offspring through pairs of genes
  • Phenotypes and genotypes
  • Hierarchy of DNA, genes, and chromosomes and their relationship to phenotype
  • Punnett square calculations

3f. Develop a logical argument for or against research conducted in selective breeding and genetic engineering, including (but not limited to) research conducted in Mississippi. Examples from Mississippi include the following:(DOK 3)

  • The Animal Functional Genomics Laboratory at Mississippi State University
  • The Stoneville Pedigreed Seed Company in Stoneville, MS
  • Catfish Genetics Research Unit at the Thad Cochran National Warm Water Aquaculture Center in Stoneville, MS
Ecology  ppt icon Presentation
Biomes, Food Chains/webs, Adaptations
Biomes, Food Chains/webs, Adaptations

3. Compare and contrast the structure and functions of the cell, levels of organization of living things, basis of heredity, and adaptations that explain variations in populations.

a. Analyze how adaptations to a particular environment (e.g., desert, aquatic, high altitude) can increase an organism’s survival and reproduction and relate organisms and their ecological niches to evolutionary change and extinction. (DOK )

e. Explain energy flow in a specified ecosystem. (DOK 2)

  • Populations, communities, and habitats
  • Niches, ecosystems and biomes
  • Producers, consumers and decomposers in an ecosystem

h. Describe how an organism gets energy from oxidizing its food and releasing some of its energy as heat. (DOK 1)

 

Weather  pptx icon Presentation
Hurricane Sandy
Hurricane Sandy

4c. Examine weather forecasting and describe how meteorologists use atmospheric features and technology to predict the weather. (DOK 2)

  • Temperature, precipitation, wind (speed/direction), dew point, relative humidity, and barometric pressure
  • How the thermal energy transferred to the air results in vertical and horizontal movement of air masses, Coriolis effect
  • Global wind patterns (e.g., trade winds, westerlies, jet streams)
  • Satellites and computer modeling
  • Relationships of the cycles of water, carbon, oxygen, and nitrogen

4h. Justify why an imaginary hurricane might or might not hit a particular area, using important technological resources (DOK 2)

Plate Tectonics  pptx icon Presentation
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 4a. Compare and contrast the lithosphere and the asthenosphere. (DOK 1)

  • Composition, density, and location of continental crust and oceanic crust
  • Physical nature of the lithosphere (brittle and rigid) with the asthenosphere (plastic and flowing)
  • How the lithosphere responds to tectonic forces (faulting and folding)

 

b. Describe the cause and effect relationship between the composition of and movement within the Earth’s lithosphere. (DOK 1)

  • Seismic wave velocities of earthquakes and volcanoes to lithospheric plate boundaries using seismic data
  • Volcanoes formed at mid-ocean ridges, within intra-plate regions, at island arcs, and along some continental edges
  • Modern distribution of continents to the movement of lithospheric plates since the formation of Pangaea
Universe & the Spectrum  pptx icon Presentation
Spiral Galaxy
Spiral Galaxy

4f. Describe the hierarchical structure (stars, clusters, galaxies, galactic clusters) of the universe and examine the expanding universe to include its age and history and the modern techniques (e.g., radio, infrared, ultraviolet and X-ray astronomy) used to measure objects and distances in the universe. (DOK 2)

2e. Contrast various components of the electromagnetic spectrum (e.g., infrared, visible light, ultraviolet) and predict their impacts on living things. (DOK 2)

Earth in Motion - seasons  ppt icon Presentation
Earth`s Revolution
Earth`s Revolution

4e. Explain how the tilt of Earth’s axis and the position of the Earth in relation to the sun determine climatic zones, seasons, and length of the days. (DOK 2)