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Europe Looks Outward
Due Date: 9/8/2017
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

European Exploration

 True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

 ____    1.   When Ponce de León went to Florida, he became the first Spaniard to set foot in what is now the United States.

 ____    2.   When the Inca people paid Pizarro a ransom for their leader, Pizarro released him.

 ____    3.   The Spanish paid Native Americans to work in the gold and silver mines.

 ____    4.   Spanish colonists who had been born in Spain occupied the Mestizo level of society

 Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 ____    1.   Which of these explorers may have reached America before Columbus did?

A

Ferdinand Magellan

C

Amerigo Vespucci

B

Leif Erikson

D

Hernando Cortés

  ____    2.   When Columbus reached Cuba, he thought it was

A

Japan.

C

the Indies.

B

Hispaniola.

D

Asia.

 ____    3.   How many total expeditions did Columbus lead?

A

one

C

three

B

two

D

four

 ____    4.   Who was the first to realize that the Americas were not Asia?

A

Vasco Balboa

C

Ferdinand Magellan

B

Amerigo Vespucci

D

Hernando Cortés

 

 ____    5.   Which explorer discovered a strait that bears his name?

A

Columbus

C

Magellan

B

Balboa

D

Vespucci

 ____    6.   The Columbian Exchange was a transfer of people, goods, and ideas between

A

the Northern and Southern hemispheres.

C

Africa and the Americas.

B

the Eastern and Western hemispheres.

D

Asia and the Americas.

 ____    7.   What happened when Moctezuma offered Cortés gold to get him to leave?

A

Cortés took Moctezuma hostage and claimed Mexico for Spain.

B

Cortés took the gold and returned to Spain.

C

Cortés formed a partnership with the Aztecs.

D

The Aztecs declared Cortés their leader.

 ____    8.   When the Incas paid Pizarro a ransom for their leader, Pizarro

A

released the leader, then captured their capital city.

B

formed a partnership with the Incas.

C

took the ransom and the leader back to Spain.

D

executed the leader and conquered the Incas.

 ____    9.   Who gave Florida its name?

A

Hernando Cortés

C

Francisco Pizarro

B

Bartolomé de Las Casas

D

Juan Ponce de León

 ____  10.   Coronado explored much of New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas while

A

looking for a northwest passage.

C

looking for a golden city.

B

looking for Mexico City.

D

looking for Florida.

 ____  11.   Almost all Spanish colonial government officials were of what class?

A

Creoles

C

mestizos

B

peninsulares

D

mulattos

 ____  12.   By 1530, what was true of several European rulers?

A

They had split from the Catholic Church.

B

They had defeated the Catholic Church and its armies.

C

They had succeeded in reforming the Catholic Church.

D

They had moved their countries’ capitals to America.

 ____  13.   Mercantilism arose largely because

A

it strengthened alliances between European powers.

B

European rulers thought it would make their countries wealthy and powerful.

C

colonies wanted to repay their home countries for their support.

D

the King of Spain wanted Spanish colonies to be independent.

 ____  14.   How did the Spanish Armada’s defeat affect England and France?

A

Both became Catholic nations again.

B

France and England united their navies.

C

Colonization of the Americas ceased.

D

It enabled them to start colonies in the Americas.

 ____  15.   What did John Cabot and Henry Hudson have in common?

A

Both were financed by Spain.

B

Both carried immense wealth back to Portugal.

C

Both vanished in the Americas, never to be found.

D

Both commanded Mexican expeditions.

 ____  16.   The French traded with Native Americans for

A

animal skins and furs.

B

gold.

C

use of Native American lands.

D

the right to travel on Native American waterways.

 ____  17.   What does the term “coureurs de bois” mean in English?

A

“carriers of the furs”

C

“fur traders”

B

“runners of the furs”

D

“runners of the woods”

 ___  18.   Who named the Mississippi Valley “Louisiana?”

A

Marquette

C

La Salle

B

King Louis XIV

D

Joliet

 ____  19.   Albany was founded as a Dutch fur-trading post called

A

New York.

C

New Amsterdam.

B

Fort Orange.

D

Fort Minuit.

 ____  20.   What caused the greatest number of Native American fatalities?

A

warfare with Europeans

C

natural disasters

B

warfare between Native American groups

D

diseases spread by European contact

____  21.   The first European to see the Pacific Ocean was

A

Christopher Columbus.

C

Ferdinand Magellan.

B

Vasco Nuñez de Balboa.

D

Francisco Coronado.

 Directions: Use this chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

 

The Columbian Exchange

From Western Hemisphere to Eastern Hemisphere

From Eastern Hemisphere to Western Hemisphere

 

Potatoes, tomatoes, squash, peanuts, peppers, cocoa

Horses, cows, wheat, bananas, watermelon, peaches

 ____  22.   What information is included on this chart?

A

animals from the Western Hemisphere introduced to the Eastern Hemisphere as part of the Columbian Exchange

B

crops from the Western Hemisphere introduced to the Eastern Hemisphere as part of the Columbian Exchange

C

goods transferred between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres as part of the Columbian Exchange

D

vegetables grown in South America after the Columbian Exchange

 ____  23.   Which of the following items from the chart had a direct impact on the way in which Native Americans battled Europeans?

A

cocoa

C

bananas

B

cows

D

horses

 ____  24.   According to one story, Vikings sailed to Newfoundland from a colony on

A

Iceland.

C

Vinland.

B

Greenland.

D

the European continent.

 ____  25.   Which of these was NOT the name of a ship on Columbus’ first voyage?

A

the Santa Maria

C

the Pinta

B

the Isabella

D

the Niña

 ____  26.   Which Spanish explorer found the Mississippi River?

A

Coronado

C

Estevanico

B

de Soto

D

Cortés

 ____  27.   Who was the first Spaniard to set foot in what is now the United States?

A

Hernando Cortés

C

Francisco Coronado

B

Bartolomé de Las Casas

D

Juan Ponce de León

 ____  28.   Which of the following was the biggest factor in Spanish victory over Native Americans?

A

enslaved Africans

C

horses

B

technology

D

gold

 ____  29.   Encomienda land grants included the right to demand

A

labor or taxes from Native Americans.

B

enslaved Africans from the Caribbean islands.

C

missions from Catholic priests and friars.

D

gold from Moctezuma.

 ____  30.   When the pope refused to grant him a divorce, King Henry VIII established the

A

Roman Catholic Church.

C

Protestant Reformation.

B

Church of England.

D

the Spanish Armada.

 ____  31.   Sailing for England, John Cabot explored the region around

A

Newfoundland.

C

Hudson Bay.

B

Florida.

D

the St. Lawrence River.

 ____  32.   Henry Hudson vanished in 1611 when

A

his crew mutinied.

C

the Dutch financed his third expedition.

B

he reached what is now New York.

D

his English backers gave up on him.

 

Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  33.   Which question can be answered by studying this chart?

A

People in which hemisphere benefited more from the Columbian Exchange?

B

What goods did Europeans bring to the Americas?

C

Why did people in the Eastern and Western Hemispheres exchange items?

D

What negative effects did the Columbian Exchange have on Europeans?

 ____  34.   What was significant about Ferdinand Magellan’s circumnavigation of the world?

A

He claimed the entire Pacific Ocean for Spain.

B

He discovered Hispaniola and Cuba.

C

It helped Europeans understand the true size of the Earth.

D

It opened up a quick, easy route to the trade markets of Asia.

 

Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  35.   Based on the chart, which group made up most of Spain’s government officials in the American colonies?

A

peninsulares

C

mestizos

B

Creoles

D

mulattos

 ____  36.   A person in Spanish colonial society who worked as a rancher, farmer, or merchant was most likely a member of which social class?

A

peninsulare

C

mestizo

B

Creole

D

mulatto

 

Two well-known explorers lost their lives in search of the mysterious northwest passage. John Cabot sailed forth in 1497 and in 1498. On the first voyage he explored the region around Newfoundland in present-day Canada. There he unfurled the English flag, staking a claim for the king of England. On the second voyage, he may have explored the North American coasts, but no one really knows–Cabot and his expedition disappeared. About ten years later, Henry Hudson also set sail with high hopes. Under Holland’s flag, in 1609 Hudson and his crew explored present-day New York. They sailed up the Hudson River for about 150 miles before turning back, convinced this waterway would not open to the Pacific Ocean. The following year, Hudson led an expedition further north. He ended up in a vast inland bay that today bears his name. All that is known about this ill-fated voyage comes from the crew members who mutinied, seizing the boat and returning to England. Like Cabot, Hudson was never seen again.

 Use the passage and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  37.   Which statement best describes the voyages of Cabot and Hudson?

A

Neither explorer found the northwest passage, but they claimed land for Holland in what is now the United States.

B

Hudson made greater progress than Cabot in finding the northwest passage.

C

Neither explorer found the northwest passage, but both men claimed valuable   territory in the Americas.

D

Their voyages were complete failures because both men died while searching.

 ____  38.   What did European nations hope to gain from a northwest passage?

A

a way to reach the interior of North America and claim land

B

a means to bring the Catholic Religion to North America

C

a channel to reach Asia quicker and easier

D

a route to avoid the Spanish Armada when traveling at sea

 

Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  39.   Based on the map, which area of North America did French explorers settle first?

A

the region of Louisiana

C

the area around the Great Lakes

B

the area around the Hudson River

D

present-day eastern Canada

 ____  40.   What is one impact that the French fur trade had on Native Americans?

A

Many Native Americans moved to French settlements and cities.

B

Settlers pushed Native Americans off their land.

C

Tensions decreased between Native American groups.

D

Native Americans formed alliances with the Dutch.

 ____  41.   What was the primary reason countries focused so greatly on finding a northwest passage to Asia?

A

It was a matter of competition between rival countries.

B

Protestants needed a new place to settle and practice their religion.

C

Asian colonies would have access to gold and other riches to send home.

D

In searching for the passage, explorers kept discovering new land.

 ____  42.   Which of these explorers may have reached America before Columbus did?

A

Ferdinand Magellan

C

Amerigo Vespucci

B

Leif Erikson

D

Hernando Cortés

 

Completion

Complete each statement.

             1.   The ________ ________ brought new domestic animals, new food plants, and new

diseases to the Western Hemisphere.

             2.   A ________ named Leif Erikson is thought to have reached North America around 1001.

             3.   Believing that he had reached a group of Asian islands called the Indies, Columbus

called the inhabitants he encountered ________.

             4.   After Columbus's second voyage, 12 ships carried ________ back to Spain.

             5.   Unlike Spain, which profited from gold, the French profited mainly from fish and

_______.

             6.   The first settlement in New France was ________ ________, founded in 1604 by

Samuel de Champlain.

             7.   By 1670, Jacques Marquette had founded two missions along the Great Lakes, in

present-day ________.

             8.   The town built on an island that Peter Minuit bought from Native Americans was named

________ ________ by its colonists.

             9.   In the 1530s, the teachings of John Calvin had a great influence on ________ churches.

           10.   The uncertainty of ________ made European rulers believe they could not rely on one

another.

           11.   In searching for a northwest passage, Cartier discovered the ________.

           12.   Henry Hudson’s crew eventually mutinied and returned to __________.

 Matching

 

Match each item with the correct statement below:

 

A

northwest passage

E

Christopher Columbus

B

Francisco Coronado

F

Moctezuma

C

mercantilism

G

conquistador

D

circumnavigate

H

alliance

 

 ____    1.   a person who convinced Spain to back his voyages when Portugal would not

 ____    2.   leader of the Aztecs

 ____    3.   theory which held that colonies exist for the benefit of the home country

 ____    4.   sea route from the Atlantic to the Pacific passing through or around North America

 Essay

 

            1.   What are two examples of the impact the Americas had on Europe during the Columbian

Exchange?

             2.   What are two reasons that a small number of Spanish soldiers were able to defeat large

Native American armies?

             3.   How did the Protestant Reformation affect the Americas?

             4.   What were two negative effects on Native Americans of their alliances with Europeans?

             5.         Explain how and why relations between Native Americans and Spain were different from relations between Native Americans and France. Include information from the text.



Assignment Image

Prehistory
Due Date: 8/18/2017
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

This week we will take a look at the origins of human life in the Western Hemisphere and the extent to which this development was influenced by Eastern thought and culture:

Prehistory

 

 

True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

 ____    1.   The Anasazi lived in large earthen mounds.

 ____    2.   The Hohokam lived in the deserts of what is now southern Mexico.

 ____    3.   The Indians of the Southeast held a Green Bean Ceremony in late summer.

 ____    4.   To teach their children about benevolent spirits, the Pueblos carved kachina dolls.

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____    1.   The land bridge that once connected Siberia and Alaska is now

A

Central America.

C

the Amazon rain forest.

B

the Bering Strait.

D

the Gulf of California.

 ____    2.   Some 8,000 years ago, gatherers in Mexico began

A

hunting.

C

farming.

B

wandering.

D

building means of transportation.

 ____    3.   Which civilization created an accurate calendar between A.D. 300 and A.D. 900?

A

the Mayas

C

the Incas

B

the Aztecs

D

the Cuzco

 ____    4.   In the 1400s, who had the world’s largest empire?

A

the Mayas

C

the Incas

B

the Spanish

D

the Aztecs

 ____    5.   What group of Mound Builders constructed the first cities in North America?

A

the Anasazi

C

the Pueblos

B

the Hohokam

D

the Mississippians

 ____    6.   What was the main way in which Native Americans in North America passed on knowledge?

A

through farming

C

through writing

B

through storytelling

D

through pictures

 ____    7.   When did Europeans first make contact with Native Americans?

A

around A.D. 500

C

around A.D. 1500

B

around A.D. 1000

D

around A.D. 1700

 ____    8.   In which area did Native Americans hunt buffalo?

A

the Eastern Woodlands

C

the Arctic

B

the Southeast

D

the Great Plains

 ____    9.   Who among the Iroquois chose the clan’s tribal chief?

A

women

C

children

B

men

D

tribal elders

 ____  10.   Muslims believe that God’s word is contained in

A

the Bible.

C

the Koran.

B

the hearts of believers.

D

oral traditions.

 ____  11.   When did trade centers begin to appear in eastern Africa?

A

around 3100 B.C.

C

around A.D. 1000

B

around 1000 B.C.

D

around A.D. 1500

 ____  12.   Who ruled Mali at its height?

A

Muhammad

C

the Songhai

B

Mansa Musa

D

Zheng He

 ____  13.   What was the Silk Road?

A

an ancient trade route going north from China

B

an ancient trade route going south from China

C

an ancient trade route going east from China

D

an ancient trade route going west from China

 ____  14.   What is monotheism?

A

the idea that there is no God

C

the idea that there is only one God

B

the idea that there are three gods

D

the idea that there are many gods

 ____  15.   According to Jesus, who could obtain salvation?

A

everyone

C

Muslims and Jews

B

Jews only

D

Jews and Romans

 ____  16.   Who could participate in the Athenian Assembly?

A

adults

C

elected representatives

B

adult males

D

adult males and educated women

 ____  17.   In the Roman Republic, laws were made by

A

the Emperor Octavian.

C

the Catholic Church.

B

popular vote.

D

elected representatives.

 ____  18.   Who led the Protestant Reformation?

A

Martin Luther King, Jr.

C

Martin Luther

B

European scholars

D

Pope Urban II

 ____  19.   Who set up a center for exploration in the 1400s?

A

Prince Henry the Navigator

C

Vasco da Gama

B

the King of Portugal

D

Mansa Musa

 ____  20.   Who passed the southern tip of Africa in 1498?

A

Prince Henry the Navigator

C

Vasco da Gama

B

the King of Portugal

D

Mansa Musa

 ____  21.   Which was the first major world Religion to teach the idea that there is only one God?

A

Feudalism

C

Judaism

B

Christianity

D

Democracy

 ____  22.   Which of the following do most scientists believe played the greatest role in helping the first humans arrive in the Americas?

A

glaciers

C

grasslands

B

forests

D

mountains

 ____  23.   The Founders of the United States gave lawmaking power to a group similar to

A

the Roman Catholic Church.

C

European nation-states.

B

the Roman Senate.

D

the Reformation.

 ____  24.   By 1498, which Portuguese explorer had passed the southern tip of Africa?

A

Henry the Navigator

C

Vasco da Gama

B

Mansa Musa

D

Christopher Columbus

 ____  25.   Native Americans had many traditions that reflected their belief in

A

spirits.

C

adobe.

B

Jesus of Nazareth.

D

potlatch.

 ____  26.   Arab astronomers determined that the Earth

A

contains oceans and deserts.

C

is a sphere.

B

contains trade routes.

D

is flat.

 ____  27.   The Mound Builders who built the first cities in North America were the

A

Anasazi.

C

Mississippians.

B

Algonquian.

D

Iroquois.

 Directions: Use this chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

 

Arctic Region Native Americans

Western Great Plains Region Native Americans

Eastern Woodlands

Native Americans

Lived in a cold and treeless region

Lived in a dry and largely treeless region

Lived in a region largely covered with forests

Built igloos made of ice

Built tepees made of animal skins

Built wooden loghouses

Hunted caribou, fished

Hunted buffalo

Hunted, fished, foraged, farmed

 ____  28.   Which Native Americans hunted caribou?

A

Arctic Region Native Americans

B

Western Great Plains Region Native Americans

C

Eastern Woodland Native Americans

D

both Arctic Region Native Americans and Western Great Plains Region Native Americans

 ____  29.   What conclusion can be drawn from this chart?

A

Native American groups often traded with one another.

B

The environment of Native American groups influenced their food and housing.

C

Different types of fish and trees could be found in each area.

D

Native Americans did not like to eat meat and fish.

 ____  30.   Each of the five nations of the Iroquois was made up of clans in which

A

women had great influence.

B

Stinkards had to marry nobles.

C

whales and seals were hunted from kayaks.

D

a Green Corn Ceremony was held each summer.

 ____  31.   Who at first considered Christianity a threat, but later embraced it?

A

the Israelites

C

Moses

B

the Romans

D

the Athenians

 ____  32.   What was the most important long-term effect of the Crusades?

A

There were nine of them.

B

Europe was exposed to new ideas and possibilities.

C

Europe gained control of the riches and knowledge of the Holy Land.

D

The Roman Catholic Church taught many people to read and write.

 

 

Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  33.   Which early American civilization is the oldest?

A

Aztecs

B

Incas

C

Mayas

D

Neither, they all lived about the same time.

 ____  34.   According to the land bridge theory, people may have crossed into North America from Siberia because

A

they were following the prehistoric mammals they hunted.

B

they wanted to learn the new farming techniques developed in the Americas.

C

the glaciers in Asia had pushed them off their land.

D

they did not like living under the harsh rule of the Aztecs.

 

Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

___  35.   Which is the best description of the land of the eastern Great Plains?

A

Buffalo roamed much of the land.

B

The land was fertile and had river valleys.

C

Large forests covered the land.

D

The land was dry and desert like.

 ____  36.   Which statement is probably true about the role the buffalo played in the lives of the western Plains people?

A

After crops, buffalo provided the most important food source.

B

The buffalo terrified the people.

C

The buffalo was key to survival.

D

After the buffalo ruined the land for farming, the people had little choice but to hunt the buffalo.

 

Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  37.   Which of the following is another long-term effect that belongs in the box?

A

taught Europeans how to produce a printing press

B

convinced many Europeans to become Muslims

C

gave Europeans control of the Holy Land

D

inspired Europeans to look overseas for trade

 ____  38.   What impact did ancient Greece have on the founders of the American government?

A

It emphasized that all people should be able to participate in government.

B

It introduced a democratic form of government.

C

It showed the benefits of creating a republican form of government.

D

It developed the idea of following a code of laws.

 ____  39.   The land bridge that once connected Siberia and Alaska is now

A

Central America.

C

the Amazon rain forest.

B

the Bering Strait.

D

the Gulf of California.

 Completion

Complete each statement.

 

            1.   The discovery of __________ meant families did not have to search for food.

 

            2.   The __________ created the most accurate calendar known until modern times.

 

            3.   The __________ built the city of Tenochtitlán on a series of islands.

 

            4.   In the 1400s, the world's largest empire was that of the ________ in South America.

 

            5.   The Israelites credited ________ with delivering the Ten Commandments.

 

            6.   Christians believe that ________ was sent by God to save the world.

 

            7.   The Greek city-state of ________ was the birthplace of democracy.

 

            8.   The 1,000-year period after the fall of Rome is known as the ________.

 

            9.   By the 1500s, much of the trade linking Europe, Africa, and ________ passed

through the Arabian Peninsula.

 

          10.   The chief trading center on the east coast of Africa was ________.

 

          11.   China developed movable type 400 years before it was developed in ________.

 

          12.   The Silk Road was a series of trade routes that stretched from China to ________.

 

Matching

 

Match each item with the correct statement below:

 

A

Muhammad

D

kayak

B

civilization

E

monotheism

C

Jesus

F

adobe

 ____    1.   an advanced culture with science, cities, and industries

 ____    2.   a small boat made from skins

 ____    3.   founder of Islam

 ____    4.   Jewish teacher believed by many to be the Messiah

 Essay

 

            1.   How did the development of farming lead to the development of cities among the

earliest people in the Americas?

 

            2.   What two large Native American groups dominated the Eastern Woodlands, and which

of these groups was made up of five nations?

 

            3.   Identify and describe at least two advances made by Arabs.

 

            4.   What was one of the Crusades' important long-term effects?

 

            5.   How are the religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam different from the beliefs of early Native Americans? Use details from the chapter.

 

            6.   In an essay, compare Athenian democracy and Roman democracy. Then, explain in what ways Roman democracy was similar to American democracy.


 



Assignment Image

The Cotton Project
Due Date: 2/17/2017
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

This week students will examine the sectional class differences that developed around the geographic features of the original Thirteen British Colonies. Using cotton as an example of a 'cash crop' , students will study the cultivation, harvest , and preparation of cotton fibers used in the textile industry. At their pods they will separate the seeds from the cotton lint and  ultimately determine an approximate cost for a pair of jeans manufactured without the benefit of Mr. Whitney's gin.Should be fun and learning will take place.



North and South Take a Different Path
Due Date: 2/8/2017
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

The North and South Take a Different Path

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____    1.   How did the Industrial Revolution affect some children in the United States?

A

It gave them more free time because their chores at home became easier.

B

They worked for long hours in factories instead of going to school.

C

They were able to visit their parents at work in the factories.

D

It taught them new methods of production that they used on their family farms.

 

 

 

 

Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

 

____    2.   Based on the chart, which of the following statements is accurate?

A

The number of Irish immigrants increase in each period from 1845 to 1853.

B

Almost twice as many Irish immigrants came to the United States in 1841 as in 1849.

C

Irish immigration in 1853 was almost four times what it had been in 1845.

D

The number of Irish immigrants decrease over the time shown.

 

 

____    3.   What caused the increase of Irish immigration in the mid-1800s?

A

Ireland experienced a potato famine.

C

A civil war broke out in Ireland.

B

The Irish were fleeing revolutions.

D

Ireland ran out of farmland.

 

 

 

 

Use the diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

 

____    4.   Based on the diagram, which of the following statements is accurate?

A

Most southern whites owned slaves.

B

Most African Americans in the South were free.

C

Most of the southern population owned five or more slaves.

D

More than half of the southern population did not own slaves.

 

 

____    5.   Slavery and cotton growing were closely linked because

A

most cotton plantations were owned by slave traders.

B

cotton growing required a great deal of labor.

C

enslaved workers preferred cotton over other crops.

D

the price of cotton was low.

 

 

 

 

Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

 

____    6.   What physical obstacle did many of the roads going from east to west have to overcome?

A

They had to cross the Appalachian Mountains.

B

They had to ford many cities.

C

They had to link many cities.

D

They had to cross the Mississippi.

 

 

____    7.   Based on the map, the National Road ran from where to where?

A

Boston and Buffalo

C

Baltimore and Pittsburgh

B

Philadelphia and Lancaster

D

Baltimore and Vandalia

 

 

____    8.   James Watt is known as the “father” of which invention?

A

steamboat

C

mechanical reaper

B

steam-powered textile plant

D

steam engine

 

 

____    9.   Which of the following occurred first?

A

passage of the Missouri Compromise

B

Nat Turner’s revolt

C

invention of the telegraph

D

completion of the National Road

 

 

____  10.   Which of the following is an example of discrimination?

A

denying some students access to public schools because of race

B

imposing a rating system in order to prevent young people from seeing certain movies

C

denying a job to a person who lacks specific skills or experience for the job

D

sending illegal immigrants back to their native country

 

 

____  11.   Irish immigrants generally were met with more hostility than some other immigrants because they

A

were members of the Protestant church.

B

were believed to be unwilling to work.

C

were members of the Roman Catholic church.

D

took most of the high paying jobs.

 

 

____  12.   Why was 1808 an important year in the fight against slavery?

A

It became illegal to sell a freed African American back into slavery.

B

The invention of the cotton gin replaced slave labor in many states.

C

The slave codes were declared illegal in Kentucky.

D

It became illegal to import enslaved Africans to the United States.

 

 

____  13.   Members of a nativist group were nicknamed “Know Nothings” because they

A

were known to be poorly educated.

B

campaigned against the building of public schools.

C

replied “I know nothing” when asked about their group.

D

did not want to learn about other cultures.

 

 

____  14.   The primary purpose of the slave codes was to

A

control every aspect of an enslaved person’s life.

B

guarantee good working conditions for enslaved people.

C

legalize marriages between enslaved people.

D

prevent enslaved people from practicing their religion.

 

 

____  15.   Which of the following enabled western farmers to ship goods to New York City?

A

Ohio River

C

Erie Canal

B

National Road

D

Illinois Railroad

 

 

____  16.   Free African Americans were NOT prevented by law from

A

sending their children to public schools.

B

holding low paying jobs.

C

serving on juries.

D

testifying in court against white people.

 

 

____  17.   Who might have complained that competition with the railroads would cause them to lose money?

A

western farmers

C

telegraph users

B

factory owners

D

canal investors

 

 

____  18.   Besides the cotton gin, which of the following items did Eli Whitney also invent?

A

interchangeable parts

C

steam engine

B

telegraph

D

musket

 

 

____  19.   How did cotton production change in the years between 1790 and 1820?

A

Cotton production remained almost the same from 1790 to 1820.

B

Cotton production grew very quickly, so that it was ten times higher in 1820.

C

Cotton production slowly declined because of the high cost of cotton gins.

D

Cotton production shrank very quickly because of the high costs of labor.

 

 

____  20.   After the passage of the Missouri Compromise, the number of free states and slave states was

A

11 free, 11 slave.

C

6 free, 16 slave.

B

10 free, 12 slave.

D

16 free, 6 slave.

 

 

____  21.   The workers at Lowell, Massachusetts were mostly

A

women.

C

German immigrants.

B

inventors.

D

enslaved African Americans.

 

 

____  22.   The invention of the clipper ship was an improvement on previous ships because it could

A

travel much faster.

C

carry passengers.

B

carry more cargo.

D

navigate more accurately.

 

 

____  23.   What did Samuel Slater bring to the United States that marked the beginning of American industrialization?

A

a steam engine capable of powering an entire mill

B

the raw materials used to build steam-powered textile mills

C

his ability to build a steam-powered textile mill from memory

D

secret information about how to build a spinning jenny

 

 

____  24.   Many Germans immigrated to America during this period because

A

a fungus had destroyed the wheat crop in Germany.

B

German rulers were taking away their land.

C

they had taken part in failed revolutions against harsh rulers.

D

they lacked the skills necessary to get good jobs in Germany.

 

 

____  25.   Norbert Rillieux, a free African American, made a valuable contribution to southern life when he

A

organized a better way to fight city fires.

B

invented the combine.

C

invented the water frame.

D

invented a more efficient method of refining sugar.

 

 

____  26.   What was a major advantage of railroads compared to other kinds of transportation?

A

Traveling by railroad was very safe.

B

Railroads could be built almost anywhere.

C

Railroads could be built quickly.

D

Railroads did not harm the environment.

 

 

____  27.   Which of the following were all cotton producing states?

A

Alabama, Tennessee, Mississippi, Vermont

B

New York, New Jersey, Maine, Ohio

C

Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama, Louisiana

D

Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Connecticut

 

 

____  28.   By the 1850s, which of the following linked many towns with cities and factories and opened new markets for the northern economy?

A

wagon routes

C

clipper ships

B

telegraphs

D

railroads

 

 

____  29.   The Industrial Revolution began in the

A

shipping industry.

C

mining industry.

B

textile industry.

D

farming industry.

 

 

____  30.   Which of the following was part of the Missouri Compromise?

A

Slave owners would not be allowed to pursue slaves who escaped to “free” territory.

B

The Louisiana Territory north of the southern border of Missouri would be free of slavery.

C

All children born to enslaved people in Missouri would be free.

D

No additional slaves could be brought into Missouri after its admission to the Union as a slave state.

 

 

____  31.   Which of the following opinions would a nativist be most likely to express?

A

“The knowledge gained from studying other cultures is valuable.”

B

“America belongs only to white Protestants born in the United States.

C

“Citizens of the United States should be proud of this country’s history of welcoming immigrants.”

D

“We should seek to promote equal opportunity for all people.”

 

 

Directions: Use the quotation and your knowledge of social studies to answer the questions.

 

“We went every day . . . with our books wrapped in paper to prevent the police or white persons from seeing them.”

—from the memoir of a free African American living in the North

 

 

____  32.   Which of the following does the word We most likely represent?

A

African-American workers

C

enslaved African American children

B

African American children in the South

D

free African American children

 

 

____  33.   The speaker probably wanted to hide the books because

A

he could not read.

B

the police would think the books were stolen.

C

he might face discrimination from people who saw the progress of African Americans as a threat.

D

African Americans were not proud of their schools.

 

 

____  34.   Which of the following allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter the Union as a free state?

A

the Missouri Compromise

C

the Industrial Revolution

B

increased immigration

D

urbanization

 

 

____  35.   Most southern whites were

A

farmers.

C

factory workers.

B

industrialists.

D

slaves.

 

 

____  36.   Robert Fulton is known as the inventor of which of the following?

A

rifle

C

telephone

B

steam engine

D

steamboat

 

 

____  37.   Which of the following was NOT a result of the invention of the cotton gin?

A

Cotton profits increased enormously.

B

Cotton growers used profits to build more textile mills.

C

Cotton production increases required more slaves.

D

Cotton plantations extended as far west as Texas.

 

 

____  38.   Which of the following could be made with interchangeable parts?

A

toasters

C

paintings

B

needles

D

spoons

 

 

____  39.   Which of the following was NOT a reason for immigration to the United States during this period?

A

famine in foreign countries

C

cheap land in the United States

B

revolution in foreign countries

D

slavery in the United States

 

 

Directions: Use the graph to answer the following questions.

 

 

 

____  40.   In which year was the number of Irish and German immigrants almost exactly the same?

A

1820

C

1840

B

1830

D

1860

 

 

____  41.   Which of the following statements is supported by the information on the graph?

A

Irish and German immigration constantly increased between 1840 and 1860.

B

Irish and German immigration constantly fell between 1840 and 1860.

C

Irish and German immigration stayed at constant levels between 1840 and 1860.

D

Irish and German immigration first increased and then fell between 1840 and 1860.

 

 

Completion

Complete each statement.

 

            1.   The spread of urbanization and a sharp rise in ________ caused problems in many

northern cities.

 

            2.   Advances in technology and many new ________ helped the growth of industry.

 

            3.   Businesses could obtain raw materials and get goods to market more easily because of

improvements in ________.

 

            4.   Free African Americans in the North often faced ________ and were denied many rights.

 

Matching

 

Match each item with the correct statement below:

 

A

capitalists

E

Henry Clay

B

Francis Cabot Lowell

F

Nat Turner

C

interchangeable parts

G

canal

D

nativists

H

railroad system

 

 

____    1.   waterway dug by people

 

____    2.   proposed Missouri Compromise

 

____    3.   group that wanted laws to limit immigration

 

____    4.   developed by Eli Whitney

 

____    5.   opened a textile mill that combined spinning and weaving

 

Essay

 

            1.   How did the Industrial Revolution change the way people worked?

 

            2.   What were two urban problems that affected the North?

 

            3.   How did the demand for cotton affect African Americans in the South?

 

            4.   How did canals and new roads affect the westward expansion of the United States?

 

            5.   Explain the importance of new inventions, railroads, and clipper ships to the northern economy. Support each of your main ideas with at least one fact or example.

 

            6.   Analyze the effects of the Industrial Revolution on the United States. Then, explain the economic changes it brought to the nation, its impact on women and daily life, and its impact on population trends.


 



Assignment Image

The Andrew Jackson Era
Due Date: 1/13/2017
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

 

The Jacksonian Era

Fill in the Blank

1. Andrew Jackson grew up in a log cabin on the                  , which is the edge of civilization.

2. Jackson fought in the                                                 at age 13 as a patriot.

3. As an adult, Jackson became a              , moved to                          , and made lots of money by buying and selling land.

4. In his 20's, Jackson was elected to                      , which led to his road to the Presidency.

5. Of the four candidates in the Presidential election of 1824, none of them received more than                % of the electoral votes.

6. Despite the fact that                                         won the popular vote in the election of 1824, congress chose                                       as president.

7. The election of 1828 was a battle between                                       and                                     .

8. In the election of 1828. both candidates attempted to destroy each other's character,

but                                               ultimately won the election.

9. Andrew Jackson was the first American President from the            .

10. Circle the words that describe Jackson & draw a box around the words that describe Adams.

            "Old Hickory"             Harvard graduate                    elite                 slave owner

            commoner                   Man of the people                   cold                 soldier

Short Answer

11. Andrew Jackson is often called a "self-made man". Define "self-made man" below.

           

12. In the early to mid 1800's, who did not have the right to vote?

 

13. What is suffrage?

           

 

Compare & Contrast Chart-Write what you know about the two political parties below.

14. Whigs

Democrats

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fill in the Blank

15. Before the 1830s, presidential candidates were picked by powerful members of each political party at private meetings known as                         .

16. After the 1830s, political parties held a                                                                 where delegates from all of the states chose the party's candidate for President.

17. Jackson brought in many                          to fill those positions.

18. Once elected in 1828, Jackson fired over             (number) previous presidential appointees

19. Many people thought Jackson filled these positions with his supporters. After this, the process of rewarding supporters with government jobs was called the                                   .                                    

20. Jackson filled his official cabinet with many of his supporters, so he rarely used this group for advice. Rather, he met with an unofficial group which was nick named his                                                 .

21. During Jackson's presidency, the fight between               rights and the federal government's rights became heated.

22. For example, the federal government set high                  on foreign goods to make them more expensive than goods produced in the Unites States. This made many states angry.

Short Answer

23. How do you think these tariffs made Americans feel?

 

 

Fill in the Blank

24.                               is a states right to deem a federal law unconstitutional.

25. Jackson's Vice President,                                     , thought that states should have the right to oppose federal law.

26. President Andrew Jackson thought that allowing states to accept or deny federal law would decrease the power of the                                      and lead to the eventual secession.

27.                                                 was an act passed by congress which forced Native Americans to move west of the Mississippi River.

True or False (Write true or false on the line below)

28.                   White settlers wanted Native American land in the Southeast.

29.                   Jackson eventually persuaded and forced the Native Americans to move to land in Oklahoma set aside for them.

30.                   The Cherokee in Georgia fought this removal all the way to the Supreme Court but lost. (Worcester vs. Georgia),

31.                   Jackson forced the Cherokee leave their land.

Fill in the Blank

32. In 1830,                 (a number) Cherokees were forced to walk from George to Oklahoma.

33.This walk/journey took several months, killing thousands along the way. The walk was later called                                      .

34. In 1832, President Jackson               the renewal of the Bank of the United States.

35. Jackson did this because despite the fact that the bank was despite the fact that the bank was created by Congress, it was run by                                .

36. Also, Jackson strongly disliked people who grew rich off the success of the bank, specifically the banks president                                  .

37. After the Bank of the United States closed,                           could lend out money without limit.

38. This led to an event after Jackson's presidency known as                                        .

39. This event caused the nation to plunge into a                    , which is defined as a period when business declines and many people lose their jobs.

40. Since Jackson was no longer in office during this time, these events were blamed on the President who followed Jackson, which was democrat                                        .

41. In the Election of 1840, the democrat candidate above lost a chance at a second term to Whig candidate                                                      , whose slogan was "                                              ".

42. In their campaigns, both parties used                            , which is defined as the use of insults to attack an opponent's reputation.



Assignment Image

The Nation Grows and Prospers
Due Date: 12/7/2016
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

This week  students will first observe how the combination of the Industrial Revolution, Westward expansion, and Jacksonian policy would result in the nation growing,prospering ,and changing. First we will look at the effects of the Industrial Revolution. Textbook- beginning at page 328.

U.S. History

The Nation Grows and Prospers

1. Define capitalist.

2. Define urbanization.

3. The Industrial Revolution began in __________ in the 1700s.

4. Name the inventor with his contribution:

            Spinning jenny _________________________________                                        

            Interchangeable parts  ____________________________                           

            Brought designs to the United States ________________

5. To avoid violating the British law against taking the plans for industrial machines out of the country Slater _______________the plans.

6. Upon arriving in the United States he and ______________ a Quaker capitalist built the first successful textile mill in ____________Rhode Island.

7. The first factory town in the United States was _________ ____________.

8. Americans were forced to produce more goods themselves because of the __________ ______________.

9. Most factory workers were _________ and ___________.

10. The Industrial Revolution had a great impact on American home life. As the factory system spread more family members _______the home to earn a living.

11. Urbanization was a steady but gradual process. In 1800 only ___ percent of the nation’s population lived in urban areas. By the 1850s that number had grown to ____ percent.

12. List two hazards of early city life. _____________________________________________

13. List two benefits of early city life. _____________________________________

14. As the nation grew there arose an urgent need to improve _______________

15. One well traveled route was the _________________ which crossed Pennsylvania.

16. Settlers could continue south and west along the _____________ opened by Daniel Boone before the Revolution. It led through the ___________ Gap to Kentucky.

17. Other settlers pushed west to Pittsburgh, and then used ___________ to journey down the Ohio River to ________, _________, and __________.

18. Private companies built gravel and stone roads. These toll roads were called ___________.

19. One of the best of these in the United States was called the ___________. It linked Philadelphia and __________, Pennsylvania.

20. A corduroy road was made of ______.

21. In 1806 Congress approved funds for a national road –building project. The ____________Road was to run from Cumberland, Maryland to _________, Virginia.

22. Eventually it extended as far west as _________.

23. In 1807, _______ _________ launched the steamship Clermont on the Hudson River. It carried passengers from New York City to _________ and back.

24. The _______ _______ linked the Great Lakes with the Mohawk and Hudson Rivers. It was started in 1817 and finished in _______.

 



Assignment Image

Launching the New Government
Due Date: 11/11/2016
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

Let's take the recently christened USS United States out for sea trials and see if she floats. It's time to Launch the New Government. Several important chararcters will emerge on this maiden voyage. First there is Alexander Hamilton, the quintessential 'big' government guy. Prime mover of the Federalist Party, his life will be cut short in dual. His counterpart, Thomas Jefferson saw the new country as a patchwork quilt of farms. His Republican Party has shows little resemblance to the Republican Party of today.

 

Launching the New Government

 

  1. Alexander Hamilton’s plan to lower the national debt and strengthen the economy:
    1. Buy up all the bonds issued by state and federal governments.
    2. Sell new bonds to pay off old debts.
    3. As the economy improves, the government pays off new bonds.
  2. James Madison opposed Hamilton’s plan on the grounds that it would reward speculators who bought up the old bonds at a fraction of their value. He also opposed paying off the state’s debts because most of the southern states had already paid off their Revolutionary War debts.
  3. Madison and Hamilton reached a compromise by proposing that the new national capital be located in the South. This would please the southern states and in turn they would agree to Hamilton’s plan to repay the other states and federal debt.
  4. In July 1790, Congress voted to repay state debts and to build a new capital city. The new capital would not be part of any state. It would be built on land along the Potomac River between Virginia and Maryland. This area would be called the

District of Columbia.

  1. Hamilton’s next move was to create a national bank. This bank would deposit money from taxes collected. The federal government would issue paper money to pay its bills and loan to farmers and businesses. In 1791 Congress created the Bank of the United States.
  2. Hamilton suggested that Congress pass a tax or tariffon imported goods. He wanted to make imported goods more expensive than those produced in the United States. This plan was popular in the North where there were more and more factories, but very unpopular in the South which bought many imported goods.
  3. In the end, Congress did pass a tariff but it was much lower than Hamilton desired.
  4. Hamilton was successful in convincing Congress to approve a tax on all liquor made and sold in the United States. The idea was to raise much needed money for the Treasury. Backcountry farmers who turned their corn crops into whiskey violently opposed the tax. In 1794, when officials in western Pennsylvania tried to collect the tax, farmers rebelled. They marched through the streets of Pittsburg in protest. They tarred and feathered the tax collectors. President Washington used federal troops to quell this Whiskey Rebellion.
  5. Although Hamilton wanted the rebels to be executed, Washington disagreed and pardoned them. Washington quick and decisive action showed :
    1. That the new government would act firmly in times of crisis
    2. Violence would not be tolerated
  6. The next crisis that faced Washington and the new government was the question of which side of the French Revolution the United States should support- the aristocracy or the peasants and middle class. At first, Americans supported the rebels but as the French Revolution grew more and more violent (including the beheading of the King and Queen) the nation grew more and more divided.

 

  1. Washington had to decide on a foreign policy, the actions that a nation takes in relation to other countries. The French Revolution threatened all out war between France and Great Britain. Hamilton was very pro-British while Jefferson favored France. After much debate, Washington issued the Neutrality Proclamation in April of 1793 that basically stated that the United States would not support either side in the war and forbade Americans from aiding either France or Britain.

 

  1. The Neutrality Proclamation was a defeat for Thomas Jefferson. He resigned from Washington’s cabinet.

 

  1. The first test of Washington’s foreign policy came when Britain seized more than 250 American ships in the French West Indies. Rather than resort to war, Washington sent Chief Justice John Jay to Britain to negotiate a settlement. Jay succeeded in convincing the British to :
    1. Pay damages for the seized ships
    2. Give up the forts it still held in the West.

In turn, Americans had to pay debts long held to British merchants. After much debate, Jay’s Treaty was approved in 1795.

  1. Washington’s farewell address:

 

“ Tis our true policy to steer clear of permanent Alliances, with any portion of the foreign World……The great rule of conduct for us, in regard to foreign nations is……to have with them as little political connection as possible.”

 

  1. Hamilton wanted the United States to model itself on Britain. Jefferson thought that farmers, not merchants, were the backbone of the new nation. Hamilton and Jefferson disagreed on just about every facet of government:

 

Hamilton                                                                     Jefferson

           Believed wealthy & well educated                         People should have power

            should lead nation

 

            Strong central government                                Strong state government

           

            Emphasized manufacturing, shipping                 Emphasized agriculture

            and trade

 

            Loose interpretation of the Constitution              Strict interpretation

 

            Pro-British                                                       Pro France

 

            Favored national bank                                     Opposed national bank

 

            Favored protective tariffs                                  Opposed protective tariffs

 

 

  1. John Adams (Federalist Party) won the Presidency in 1796; however Thomas Jefferson (Republican Party) won the Vice Presidency. Having the President and Vice President from opposing parties caused much tension in the government.
  2. In 1797, France began to seize American ships in the West Indies as the British had done earlier. Adams sent diplomats to Paris to discuss the rights of neutral nations. The French attempted to deal with the American diplomats by the use of agents. These agents tried to extort a ten million dollar loan for France. When word of this attempt reached the United States, Americans were outraged. Adams refused to name the agents. He called them X, Y, and Z. Consequently, this became known as the XYZ Affair.     
  3. Hamilton wanted war with France. Adams opposed this action but his opposition caused a split in the Federalist Party.
  4. Federalists pushed hard for a law that would expel any alien, or foreigner, thought to be dangerous to the country. They also called for a law making it harder for immigrants to become citizens. Congress passed the Alien and Sedition Act over the objection of the Republicans who considered the law unconstitutional.
  5. Jefferson urged the states to take strong action against these acts. He argued that the states had the right to nullify or cancel an act passed by the federal government.
  6. The Federalist era ended in 1800 with the election of Thomas Jefferson as President of the United States.


Assignment Image

The Constitution
Due Date: 10/18/2016
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

The Constitution

True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

 ____    1.   The chief argument used by Antifederalists was that the Constitution had no Preamble.

 ____    2.   The Constitution can be changed by a majority vote in the Senate.

 ____    3.   The Tenth Amendment guarantees rights such as freedom of religion, freedom of speech,

and freedom of the press.

 ____    4.   Amendments 5 through 8 protect people accused of crimes and brought to trial.

 Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 Directions: Use the quotation to answer the following questions.

 

Noah Webster, New England schoolteacher

“So long as any individual state has power to defeat the measures of the other twelve, our pretended union is but a name.”

 ____    1.   Which statement BEST reflects Noah Webster’s position in the above quotation?

A

Smaller states have more power than larger states.

B

States should have the right to ignore national legislation.

C

States in the same region can form alliances to defeat actions of other regions.

D

Individual states have too much power to form a true union.

 ____    2.   Which person would be most likely to agree with Webster’s remark?

A

Patrick Henry

C

Edmund Randolph

B

George Mason

D

Alexander Hamilton

 

Use the flow chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

 ____    3.   Shay’s Rebellion helped to persuade

A

Congress to give itself greater power to tax citizens.

B

government leaders to revise the Articles of Confederation.

C

state governments to print more money.

D

the central government to pass new land ordinances.

 ____    4.   Which event belongs in Box 5?

A

Shay’s army attacks the state militia.

B

Massachusetts leaders lower taxes on farmers.

C

Shays is invited to attend the upcoming convention in Philadelphia.

D

The Massachusetts militia arrests Shays and other leaders.

 

Use the information in the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

 ____    5.   Smaller states opposed the Virginia Plan because they

A

feared they would not have enough power in the new Congress.

B

preferred to keep the Articles of Confederation.

C

wanted a weak executive.

D

disliked James Madison.

 ____    6.   Besides representation, what other major issue required delegates to compromise during the Constitutional Convention?

A

writing an introduction to the Constitution

B

continuing the slave trade

C

choosing the person who led the executive branch

D

giving free African Americans the right to vote

 

Use the political cartoon and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following question.

 ____    7.   Which political argument is supported in this cartoon?

A

The Constitution balances the three branches of the federal government.

B

In order for the Union to last, the states must form a strong federal government.

C

The states will be weakened if the Constitution is ratified.

D

Virginia should leave the union.

 

Some Rights of Citizens

 

Some Responsibilities of Citizens

• publish news and opinions

 

• obey federal, state, and local laws

• receive an education

 

• pay a fair share of taxes

• worship freely

 

• serve on juries if called

• petition the government

 

• defend the nation if called

• receive a fair trial

 

 

• other rights specified in the Constitution and laws

 

 

 

Use the information in the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

 ____    8.   Which of the following could be considered a responsibility of citizens?

A

to petition government for lower taxes

B

to attend weekly religious services

C

to vote in elections

D

to attend adult education courses a get a diploma

 ____    9.   The First Amendment would protect people who want to

A

be tried by a jury of local people.

B

put up a Web site criticizing a local government official.

C

stop the police from searching their car.

D

apply for a public grant so they could publish a newspaper.

 ____  10.   Why did some people oppose ratification of the Constitution?

A

It did not include protection of individual rights.

B

It eliminated state governments.

C

It made slavery illegal.

D

It failed to include checks and balances.

 ____  11.   One obstacle to approving the Articles of Confederation was that

A

some states did not want to give up their claims to land west of the Appalachian Mountains.

B

most states objected to a one-house legislature.

C

some states did not want to give a lot of power to Congress.

D

most states preferred to stay independent.

____  12.   How did the Bill of Rights become part of the Constitution?

A

It was agreed upon in the Great Compromise.

B

It was copied from a number of State Constitutions.

C

It was approved by all of the delegates at the Constitutional Convention.

D

It was added through the amendment process.

 ____  13.   Under the Bill of Rights, which of the following is NOT protected?

A

freedom of speech

C

freedom of religion

B

freedom of the military

D

freedom of the press

 ____  14.   What is one reason many people called for changes to the Articles of Confederation?

A

They opposed the Northwest Ordinance.

B

They wanted a plan of government made up of two branches.

C

They believed that a weak central government was ineffective.

D

They thought the state governments were too weak.

 ____  15.   The opening phrase of the Constitution, “We, the people,” means that the Constitution gets its authority from the

A

executive branch.

C

citizens.

B

state legislatures.

D

Congress.

 ____  16.   How did Shays’ Rebellion encourage people to push for a plan to revise the Articles of Confederation?

A

It made people worry about how a weak central government might respond to future rebellions.

B

It encouraged farmers to petition state governments for economic relief.

C

It gave members of the rebellion more political power.

D

It convinced leaders of the importance of individual rights and freedom of speech.

 ____  17.   What did most State Constitutions have that the original United States Constitution did not have?

A

bill of rights

C

power to declare war

B

legislature

D

power to make laws

 

 

____  18.   The passage of the Land Ordinance of 1785 meant that

A

public lands would be auctioned to the highest bidders.

B

groups of townships could petition to become states.

C

the United States was now claiming territory that was also claimed by Britain.

D

settlers and investors could buy formerly public lands.

 

 

Directions: Use this Venn diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

 

 

 

____  19.   Which of these resolved the conflict between the two plans of government shown in the diagram?

A

the Great Compromise

C

the Bill of Rights

B

the Articles of Confederation

D

the Northwest Ordinance

 ____  20.   Which of these could appear under the New Jersey Plan in the diagram?

A

no executive branch of government

C

no judicial branch of government

B

one vote per state

D

one branch of government

 ____  21.   As part of the Great Compromise, what fraction of the enslaved people in a state were included when determining representation in Congress?

A

one-quarter

C

three-fifths

B

one-half

D

two-thirds

 

Completion

Complete each statement.

             1.   The State Constitutions limited the power of the governors because ________.

             2.   Under the Articles of Confederation, Congress was denied the powers to ________.

             3.   The ________ of 1787 provided a system for a territory to become a state.

             4.   Because of the weakness of the central government, British troops still held forts in the

______.

 Matching

 Match each item with the correct statement below:

 A

 

compromise

E

constitution

B

legislature

F

judicial branch

C

Northwest Ordinance

G

bill of rights

D

executive

H

ratify

 ____    1.   system of courts

 ____    2.   agreement in which each side gives up some demands

 ____    3.   to approve a document

 ____    4.   rules under which a government will operate

 ____    5.   person in government who carries out laws

 

Essay

             1.   How did Shays’ Rebellion help lead to an offer to revise the Articles of Confederation?

             2.   How was the change in the powers of Congress in the Constitution an improvement over

the Articles of Confederation?

             3.   Why was the Bill of Rights added to the Constitution?

             4.   Explain how ratification of the Constitution was threatened by disagreements between the Federalists and the Antifederalists. Define the position of each side, and explain how the differences were resolved.

             5.         Discuss how the Northwest Ordinance and the Great Compromise affected enslaved people in the United States. What might have happened if the framers of the Constitution had attempted to outlaw slavery? What problems might have arisen



Assignment Image

Colonial Life 2
Due Date: 9/13/2016
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

This week we continue our study of Colonial life concentrating on English colonies in the New World.

Colonial Life

True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

 

____    1.   For colonists who lived on farms, a large family was considered an advantage.

____    2.   In Puritan New England, single people were given inexpensive lodgings by the

government.

____    3.   The toys that colonial children played with were usually brought over on British ships.

____    4.   The gentry of colonial society were few and powerful.

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

____    1.   In 1689, King William and Queen Mary

A

dissolved Parliament.

C

signed the English Bill of Rights.

B

executed King Charles I.

D

established a two-house legislature.

 

____    2.   Who among the following had the right to vote in English colonies?

A

white men and women who owned property

B

white men only

C

white men and freed Africans

D

white men and some Native Americans

 

____    3.   The Zenger case helped establish the right of

A

freedom of the press.

C

trial by jury.

B

habeas corpus.

D

freedom of religion.

 

____    4.   How did some colonists get around the Navigation Acts?

A

by supporting mercantilism

C

by smuggling

B

by selling to English merchants

D

by growing their own tobacco

 

____    5.   In colonial families, who usually handled childcare and domestic duties?

A

grandparents

C

males

B

older children

D

females

 

____    6.   In colonial times, how did a young man often learn a trade?

A

by becoming enslaved

C

by becoming an indentured servant

B

by becoming an apprentice

D

by buying his own business

 

____    7.   Unlike the poor in Europe, lower-class colonists

A

often lived in luxury.

B

had a great deal of leisure time.

C

could count on a comfortable retirement.

D

could hope to acquire property and move up the social scale.

 

____    8.   Free African Americans in the colonies were allowed

A

to vote.

C

to be slaveholders and own property.

B

to sit on juries.

D

to become part of the gentry.

 

____    9.   How many enslaved Africans were taken to British North America?

A

around 500,000

C

around one million

B

around 750,000

D

more than two million

 

____  10.   What percent of enslaved Africans died or committed suicide during the Middle Passage?

A

10 to 15

C

20 to 25

B

15 to 20

D

25 to 30

____  11.   Which of the following was a factor in the growth of southern Slavery?

A

the Navigation Acts

C

the plantation system

B

an increase in colonial shipbuilding

D

the growth of apprenticeship

 

 

____  12.   Which of the following was legal under slave codes?

A

teaching enslaved people to read and write

B

enslaved people meeting in large numbers

C

the killing of an enslaved person by his or her master

D

an enslaved person owning a weapon

 

____  13.   Every Puritan town with at least 50 families was required

A

to have a grammar school for older students.

B

to start an elementary school.

C

to own a hornbook.

D

to read the Bible.

 

____  14.   What happened to Puritan towns that did not set up the required schools?

A

The towns were closed down.

B

The town’s children were taken to boarding schools.

C

The government forced them to run dame schools.

D

The towns were fined.

 

____  15.   How did the southern gentry usually educate their children?

A

They hired private tutors.

C

They used public schools.

B

They taught their children themselves.

D

They did not educate their children.

 

____  16.   What schools today would compare to Puritan grammar schools?

A

colleges

C

vocational schools

B

elementary schools

D

high schools

 

____  17.   Who was Phillis Wheatley?

A

a colonial singer

C

a colonial poet

B

a colonial novelist

D

a colonial actor

 

____  18.   Who published the Pennsylvania Gazette?

A

Ben Franklin

C

Jonathan Edwards

B

Anne Bradstreet

D

John Locke

 

____  19.   What was the Great Awakening?

A

a belief that all problems could be solved by human reason

B

a Christian revival that swept the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s

C

a decade of creativity in colonial art and literature

D

a widespread belief that American colonies should be independent

 

____  20.   What was Montesquieu’s contribution to ideas about government?

A

the idea of divine right

C

the idea of separation of powers

B

the idea of natural rights

D

the idea of representative democracy

 

____  21.   The Magna Carta was the first document to

A

place limits on the power of wealthy landowners.

B

establish a monarchy.

C

place limits on an English ruler’s power.

D

give greater power to an English ruler.

 

____  22.   The legal rights that Englishmen had led the colonists to

A

support the Navigation Acts.

C

expect a voice in their government.

B

give more power to the monarchy.

D

believe in the separation of powers.

 

____  23.   Unlike modern public schools, colonial public schools included instruction in

A

science.

C

politics.

B

poetry.

D

religion

 

 

 

 

Directions: Use the quotation and your knowledge of social studies to answer the questions.

 

“The closeness of the place, and the heat of the climate, added to the number in the ship, which was so crowded that each had scarcely room to turn himself, almost suffocated us….The shrieks of the woman, and the groans of the dying, rendered the whole a scene of horror almost inconceivable.”– The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano

 

 

____  24.   What does the quote describe?

A

conditions aboard a slave ship headed towards Africa

B

conditions aboard a slave ship crossing the Pacific

C

conditions aboard a slave ship headed towards the Americas

D

conditions aboard a slave ship crossing the Mediterranean

 

____  25.   Enslaved people such as those described in the quote experienced a brutal voyage known as the

A

Gullah.

C

Atlantic Crossing.

B

Middle Passage.

D

Columbian Exchange.

____  26.   Which of the following colonies had a ban on Slavery until the 1750s?

A

Virginia

C

Pennsylvania

B

Georgia

D

Maryland

____  27.   Whose trial helped establish freedom of the press?

A

John Locke

C

Baron de Montesquieu

B

Phillis Wheatley

D

Peter Zenger

 

____  28.   Most women in colonial America were expected to marry men

A

they fell in love with.

C

who had an honorable occupation.

B

who were regular churchgoers.

D

chosen by their parents.

 

____  29.   At around what age were colonial children expected to begin working?

A

7

C

18

B

15

D

12

 

____  30.   Which of the following led to the rise of many new churches in the colonies?

A

the Magna Carta

C

Locke’s treatises

B

the Great Awakening

D

the Pennsylvania Gazette

 

___    31.   Which of the following is the main reason why colonial authorities wrote slave codes?

A

They did not want slaves leaving plantations without permission.

B

They did not want enslaved people to read and write.

C

They feared slave revolts.

D

They feared antislavery laws.

 

___    32.   Who wrote Poor Richard’s Almanack?

 

A

John Locke

C

Benjamin Franklin

 

B

George Whitefield

D

Peter Zenger

“39. No free man shall be arrested or imprisoned or . . . in any way victimized, neither will we attack him or send anyone to attack him, except by lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.”

—Magna Carta

“That excessive bail ought not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment. inflicted;

“That jurors ought to be duly impanelled [sworn in] . . . and jurors which pass upon men in trials for high treason ought to be freeholders.”

—English Bill of Rights

 

           

 

 

 

Use the excerpts and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 

____  33.   Both the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights

A

guaranteed all men the right to vote.

B

stated that physical attacks were considered “cruel and unusual punishment.”

C

declared that only a free man has the right to protest his arrest.

D

gave people accused of a crime the right to a trial by jury.

 

____  34.   How did the Magna Carta, the English Parliament, and the English Bill of Rights impact colonial government?

A

They inspired the English colonists to create the Constitution.

B

They led the English colonists to demand representative government.

C

They encouraged the English colonists to give most people the right to vote.

D

They supported the colonists’ demands for self-rule.

 

Fixed gown for Prude, Mended Mother’s Riding Hood, Spun short thread, Fixed two gowns for Welsh’s girls, . . . Pleated and ironed, Read sermon of Dodridge’s, . . . Milked cows, . . . Made broom from Guinea wheat straw, Spun thread to whiten, Set a red dye, . . . Spun harness twice, Scoured pewter. . . .”

—Diary of Abigail Foote, of Colchester, Connecticut

 

Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 

____  35.   Based on the list of chores, Abigail Foote is most likely

A

a frontier woman.

C

a young girl.

B

an African American slave.

D

an apprentice.

 

____  36.   Many standard contracts of an indentured servant failed to mention the servant’s wages. Why?

A

Indentured servants paid their employers in order to remain in the colonies.

B

Indentured servants did not collect any wages until they had worked four years.

C

Indentured servants did not get paid any wages.

D

None of the above.

 

All servants imported and brought into the Country . . . who were not Christians in their native Country . . . shall be accounted and be slaves. All Negro, mulatto and Indian slaves within this dominion [territory] . . . shall be held to be real estate. If any slave resist his master . . . correcting such slave, and shall happen to be killed in such correction . . . the master shall be free of all punishment . . . as if such accident never happened.

—Law passed by the Virginia General Assembly, 1705

 

Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

____  37.   The text above is an example of

A

a slave code.

C

a bill of rights.

B

a piece of colonial American literature.

D

instructions for a slave revolt.

 

____  38.   If the English colonies had not had so many plantations, it is likely that

A

settlers would have enslaved Native Americans instead of African Americans.

B

trade between the colonies and Britain would not have existed.

C

Slavery would not have taken root or survived for as long as it did.

D

Parliament would have forbidden slavery.

 

 

 

 

Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

____  39.   One of the earliest forms of colonial literature was

A

dramatic plays.

C

novels.

B

histories.

D

school textbooks.

 

____  40.   Which of these examples of colonial literature was written as part of the Great Awakening?

A

The Tenth Muse, Lately Sprung Up in America

B

“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”

C

General History of Virginia

D

“On the Death of Rev. Dr. Sewall”

 

Completion

Complete each statement.

 

            1.   The Magna Carta guaranteed the right to trial by ________.

            2.   In 1701, Pennsylvania colonists forced Penn and his council to give up their power

to ________ ________.

            3.   The Zenger case helped establish freedom of the ________ as a basic liberty.

            4.   The English Parliament passed a series of Navigation Acts to support ________.

            5.   Beginning in the 1730s, a wave of religious enthusiasm called the ________ ________

swept through the colonies.

            6.   John Locke and the Baron de Montesquieu were two important thinkers in a movement

called the ________.

            7.   Some women opened ________ schools in their homes to teach young boys and girls

to read and write.

            8.   Colonial grammar schools were something like today’s ________ schools.

            9.   Authorities established slave codes in order to prevent slaves from ________.

          10.   Enslaved Africans crossed the Atlantic on a voyage that became known as the ________.

          11.   Enslaved Africans were ________ to farm and plantation owners.

          12.   By the late 1600s, the southern economy had come to depend on ________ to support

its plantation system.

          13.   Enslaved Africans on rice plantations in South Carolina spoke ________, a practice that

is continued by some in the area today.

 

Matching

Match each item with the correct statement below:

A

gentry

E

Jonathan Edwards

B

Benjamin Franklin

F

Phyllis Wheatley

C

apprentice

G

Anne Bradstreet

D

indentured servant

 

 

 

____    1.   America’s first published poet

____    2.   preacher who played a role in the Great Awakening

____    3.   the upper class of colonial society

____    4.   one who agreed to work for a number of years in exchange for ocean passage to the Americas

Essay

 

            1.   Which groups in colonial America were allowed to vote, and which were not?

            2.   How did the growth of the colonial middle class give hope to the colonial poor?

            3.   What were some features of the slave codes, and what was their purpose?

            4.   How were Puritan and other colonial schools different from the public schools of today?

            5.   Explain how Enlightenment thinkers in England and France influenced the formation of the United States government. Include details from the chapter.

            6.   Discuss ways in which African Culture influenced American Culture, using information from the chapter.




Assignment Image

The Revolutionary War
Due Date: 12/2/2015
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

This week we begin our research into the Revolutionary War, or the War of American Independence. As Winston Churchill said about the Air Battle for Britain, " this is certainly not the end of the war, it's not even the beginning of the end, but it is the end of the beginning." And so it is with our Revolution. Take the quiz below to see how much you recall about the War.

The Revolutionary War

1.    The shutting of a port to keep people or supplies from moving in or out is called a ______________.
2.    The first major battle of the Revolutionary War was the _______________________.
3.    A soldier who fights merely for pay, often for a foreign country is called a _____________________.
4.    The peace petition sent to King George by colonial delegates after the battles of Lexington and Concord, declaring their loyalty to the king and asking him to repeal the Intolerable Acts is called the ______________________________.

5.    The article published in 1776 which was an essay written by Thomas Paine that urged the colonies to declare independence from Britain was __________________.
6.    Colonists who favored war against Britain were called ________________.
7.    A person who betrays his or her country is called a __________________.
8.    The army established by the Second Continental Congress to fight the British was the ___________________________.
9.    The introduction to a declaration, constitution, or official document is called a ___________________.
10.    Troops on horseback are called ____________________.

11.    A nation that works with another nation for a common purpose is called an ________.
12.    Colonists who remained loyalty to the king were called _______________.
13.    Rights that belong to all people from birth are _______________________.

14.    A soldier who uses hit and run tactics is called a _____________ which is French for ________________.
15.    The Vermont militia led by Ethan Allen, which made a surprise attack on Fort Ticonderoga, giving Americans control of the key route to Canada, was called the ___________________________.



Assignment Image

Road to the Revolution
Due Date: 10/10/2015
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

This week we begin the long Road to the American Revolution.

Road to the Revolution

 True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

 ____    1.   Pontiac was leader of the Ottawa nation.

 ____    2.   The Quartering Act required colonists to feed and house British troops.

 ____    3.   The Sons of America set up “liberty trees” to defy the British.

 ____    4.   Committees of Loyalists were set up in various colonies to spread information about British actions.

 Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 ____    1.   What started the French and Indian War?

A

French settlers pushed into lands claimed by the British.

B

French settlers threatened to seize Native American lands.

C

British settlers pushed west into French and Native American lands.

D

Native Americans pushed into the British colonies.

 ____    2.   Why did the Iroquois at Albany refuse to make an alliance against the French?

A

They expected the French to defeat the British in a war.

B

They expected France to give up its land in North America.

C

They did not believe France and Britain would go to war.

D

They trusted France more than Britain.

 ____    3.   Why did the colonial assemblies reject the Albany Plan?

A

They feared that Benjamin Franklin wanted to rule the colonies.

B

The colonists believed that their disagreements with France would pass.

C

They wanted the Iroquois to be involved with the Plan.

D

They wanted to control their own taxes and armies.

 ____    4.   At the beginning of the French and Indian War

A

the French suffered several defeats.

C

the Iroquois allied with the French.

B

the Iroquois allied with the British.

D

the British suffered several defeats.

 ____    5.   What turned the tide in favor of Britain?

A

the founding of Quebec

C

the battle of Lake George

B

new and better British leadership

D

the involvement of Benjamin Franklin

 ____    6.   What event was the key to the French defeat?

A

the British attack on Quebec

B

the French attack on Louisbourg

C

the alliance of the Iroquois with the French

D

the Iroquois attack on Lake Ontario

 ____    7.   What happened during “Pontiac’s War?”

A

The Iroquois formed an alliance with the French.

B

Native American groups united and attacked the French.

C

The leader of the Ottawa nation helped start an all-out attack on the British.

D

The French attacked the western frontier.

 ____    8.   After the French and Indian War

A

the colonists felt more united than ever with Britain.

B

the colonists lived in peace with the Native Americans.

C

the British refused to tax the colonies.

D

the colonists began to see themselves as separate from Britain.

 ____    9.   Why did the colonists resent the Stamp Act?

A

They did not want to quarter British troops.

B

They did not want to petition the British parliament.

C

They wanted Britain to pass the Declaratory Act.

D

They did not think Britain should have the right to tax them.

 ____  10.   What did the 1767 Townshend Acts specify?

A

that Britain would not tax products brought into the colonies

B

that the colonists must set up “liberty poles”

C

that Britain would tax only imports into the colonies

D

that Britain would charge export duties

 ____  11.   What was the purpose of Committees of Correspondence?

A

to keep the British informed of colonists’ actions

B

to keep colonists informed of British actions

C

to maintain support for British rule

D

to protest the Stamp Act

 ____  12.   What was the British East India Company?

A

an important colonial tobacco company

B

an important British clothing manufacturer

C

an important British business that sold tea from India

D

an important colonial arms manufacturer

 ____  13.   Who were the Sons (and Daughters) of Liberty?

A

colonial anti-British protestors

B

colonists who wanted a monopoly on the British tea trade

C

colonists who wanted seats in the British parliament.

D

colonists who wanted to block all colonial trade with Britain

 ____  14.   Which of these was a demand of the First Continental Congress?

A

the strengthening of British rule over the colonies

B

the repeal of the Intolerable Acts

C

the right of colonists to join the British army

D

an increase in British imports to the colonies

 ____  15.   What was “the shot heard ‘round the world?”

A

the first shot fired at the Boston Tea Party

B

the first organized meeting of the colonial militia

C

the shot that concluded the first meeting of the minutemen

D

the first shot of the American Revolution

 ____  16.   What was The Blockheads?

A

a satirical song making fun of the British

B

a satirical play making fun of the British

C

a colonial theater group

D

a satirical play making fun of the colonial militia

 ____  17.   Which of these was a result of the Second Continental Congress?

A

the drafting of a treaty with France

C

the formation of the Continental Army

B

the declaration of peace with Britain

D

the formation of a Loyalist government

 ____  18.   Why did many enslaved African Americans side with the British?

A

They hoped to move to Britain.

B

They admired the Patriot cause.

C

They hoped to win their freedom.

D

They wanted to establish their own colony.

 ____  19.   What did the Olive Branch Petition state?

A

that the colonists remained loyal to the king

B

that Britain should stop taxing imported olives

C

that colonists would die rather than live as slaves

D

that Parliament would send 20,000 soldiers to the colonies

 ____  20.   Why did the Americans withdraw from Quebec?

A

They did not want to control the town.

B

The colonial mercenaries wanted to return home.

C

They were too weakened to fight against fresh British forces.

D

Benedict Arnold was killed by the British.

 ____  21.   Fort Ticonderoga was captured by the

A

French during the French and Indian War.

B

British soon after Lexington and Concord.

C

Green Mountain Boys led by Ethan Allen.

D

Virginia militia led by George Washington.

 ____  22.   The Albany Plan of Union aimed to

A

unite the English colonies against British rule.

B

create a joint council linking the English colonies and Native American nations.

C

provide a way for the English colonies to work together.

D

unite the English colonies against the Native Americans.

 ____  23.   The Proclamation of 1763 declared that

A

Native Americans had to remain east of the Appalachians.

B

colonial settlers had to remain east of the Appalachians.

C

the French had to obtain British citizenship.

D

the French were responsible for settling the Appalachians.

 ____  24.   Colonists resented the Tea Act because

A

it established a British monopoly on tea.

B

it lowered the price of tea.

C

it increased the price of tea.

D

it forced tea to be shipped from India to Britain.

 Directions: Use the quotation and your knowledge of social studies to answer the questions.

 “I do, [by] the authority to me given by His Majesty, determine to execute martial law . . . . I do require every person . . . to resort to His Majesty’s standard, or be looked upon as traitors to His Majesty’s government, . . . [subject to] the penalty. . .” – Proclamation of Virginia governor Lord Dunmore, November 1775

 

 ____  25.   According to Lord Dunmore, what group of people will be looked upon as traitors?

A

Virginians

C

Monarchs

B

Loyalists

D

Patriots

 ____  26.   From the quote, it can be inferred that Lord Dunmore was

A

a Patriot.

C

a Loyalist.

B

a mercenary.

D

a minuteman.

 ____  27.   In 1765 Parliament passed the Stamp Act, which

A

required colonists to boycott British goods.

B

said that Parliament had total authority over the colonies.

C

required colonists to house and feed British troops in exchange for stamps.

D

required colonists to buy stamps to put on legal documents.

 ____  28.   Which side fired the first shot of the American Revolution?

A

the colonists

C

nobody knows

B

the French and Native Americans

D

the British

 ____  29.   What did the Olive Branch Petition state?

A

that the colonists were loyal to the king

B

that the colonies were in open rebellion

C

that the colonists were ready “to die freemen rather than to live as slaves”

D

that the colonies were loyal to George Washington

 ____  30.   At what gathering was George Washington chosen as commander of the continental army?

A

the First Continental Congress

C

the Boston Tea Party

B

the Second Continental Congress

D

the Stamp Act Congress

 ____  31.   The first step that the Second Continental Congress took in preparation for war was

A

printing paper money.

C

electing a commander.

B

forming a navy.

D

forming an army.

 ____  32.   What two groups of people surrounded soldiers during the Boston Massacre?

A

slaves and indentured servants

C

workers and sailors

B

lawyers and judges

D

journalists and merchants

 Use the information in the diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions.

 ____  33.   What event led to the outbreak of war?

A

The Iroquois form an alliance with the British.

B

British and French soldiers fight in the Ohio River Valley.

C

British soldiers take land claimed by France out West.

D

The French build Fort Duquesne in the Ohio River Valley.

 

Use the diagram and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  34.   Which of the policies included in the diagram arose out of conflict between Native Americans and British settlers?

A

Proclamation of 1763

C

Stamp Act

B

Sugar Act

D

Boston Massacre

 ____  35.   Based on the diagram, what was the immediate cause of protests in the colonies?

A

Pontiac’s War

B

the stationing of British troops in the West

C

the settlement of some colonists in the West

D

the Sugar and Stamp Acts

 Use the flow chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  36.   Which statement belongs in Box 1?

A

The British ban the Committees of Correspondence.

B

Boston’s governor refuses to allow tea to be unloaded in the harbor.

C

The British East India Company raises the prices of its tea.

D

Parliament passes the Tea Act.

 ____  37.   How did many colonists respond to the Intolerable Acts?

A

They took up weapons and armed their militias.

B

They supported the people of Boston with food and supplies.

C

They sent armies to Concord and Lexington.

D

They launched the American Revolution.

 Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  38.   What battle is described by the information in the box?

A

Fort Ticonderoga

C

Concord

B

Lexington

D

Bunker Hill

 ____  39.   Which event was most likely to have pleased the Loyalists?

A

the meeting of the Second Continental Congress

B

the fall of Fort Ticonderoga

C

the result of the attack on Quebec

D

the beginning of the American Revolution

 Completion

Complete each statement.

             1.   By the middle of the 1700s in North America, ________ settlers were few, while British

settlers were many.

             2.   At the Albany Congress, the British hoped to form an alliance with the ________.

             3.   General Braddock insisted on fighting with his troops arranged in ________.

             4.   The British clinched victory by capturing ________, the capital of New France.

             5.   At the Second Continental Congress, a moderate group from the ________ Colonies

did not support independence.

             6.   In order to finance the colonial army, the Second Continental Congress decided to

________ ________.

             7.   Some ________ feared a revolution would cost them their property.

             8.   In response to the Olive Branch Petition, King George declared the colonies to be

________ ________.

             9.   The ________ ________ Boys captured cannons that helped the Continental Army

drive the British out of Boston.

           10.   The ________ won the Battle of Bunker Hill, but at great cost.

           11.   The ________ Act was intended to help the British East India Company.

           12.   The British East India Company's monopoly on tea especially harmed colonial ________.

           13.   The ________ Act cut the powers of Massachusetts town meetings.

           14.   The “shot heard round the world” was fired in ________.

           15.   The Patriots who held the Boston Tea Party disguised themselves as ________.

 Matching

 

Match each item with the correct statement below:

 

A

cede

E

boycott

B

militia

F

alliance

C

mercenary

G

writ of assistance

D

blockade

H

minutemen

 

 

____    1.   the shutting off of a port by ships to keep people or supplies from moving in or out

 ____    2.   military force made up of civilians trained as soldiers

 ____    3.   an organized campaign to refuse to buy certain products

 ____    4.   citizen soldiers who fought the British at Lexington and Concord

 Essay

 

            1.   What North American lands did the French lose in the French and Indian War?

             2.   Describe the conflicting arguments of colonists and Britain concerning taxes.

             3.   What was significant about the battles at Lexington and Concord?

             4.   What were two great military advantages Britain had over the colonists?

             5.   Explain why the French and Indian War began, and the results of the war for the French, the British, and Native Americans. Use details from the chapter.

             6.         Describe the Battle of Bunker Hill, and explain why the battle was important for the colonists. Use information from the chapter.



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Colonial Expansion
Due Date: 9/19/2014
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

 

True/False

Indicate whether the statement is true or false.

 ____    1.   For colonists who lived on farms, a large family was considered an advantage.

 ____    2.   In Puritan New England, single people were given inexpensive lodgings by the

government.

 ____    3.   The toys that colonial children played with were usually brought over on British ships.

 ____    4.   The gentry of colonial society were few and powerful.

 Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 ____    1.   In 1689, King William and Queen Mary

A

dissolved Parliament.

C

signed the English Bill of Rights.

B

executed King Charles I.

D

established a two-house legislature.

 

 ____    2.   Who among the following had the right to vote in English colonies?

A

white men and women who owned property

B

white men only

C

white men and freed Africans

D

white men and some Native Americans

 ____    3.   The Zenger case helped establish the right of

A

freedom of the press.

C

trial by jury.

B

habeas corpus.

D

freedom of religion.

 ____    4.   How did some colonists get around the Navigation Acts?

A

by supporting mercantilism

C

by smuggling

B

by selling to English merchants

D

by growing their own tobacco

  ____    5.   In colonial families, who usually handled childcare and domestic duties?

A

grandparents

C

males

B

older children

D

females

  ____    6.   In colonial times, how did a young man often learn a trade?

A

by becoming enslaved

C

by becoming an indentured servant

B

by becoming an apprentice

D

by buying his own business

  ____    7.   Unlike the poor in Europe, lower-class colonists

A

often lived in luxury.

B

had a great deal of leisure time.

C

could count on a comfortable retirement.

D

could hope to acquire property and move up the social scale.

  ____    8.   Free African Americans in the colonies were allowed

A

to vote.

C

to be slaveholders and own property.

B

to sit on juries.

D

to become part of the gentry.

  ____    9.   How many enslaved Africans were taken to British North America?

A

around 500,000

C

around one million

B

around 750,000

D

more than two million

  ____  10.   What percent of enslaved Africans died or committed suicide during the Middle Passage?

A

10 to 15

C

20 to 25

B

15 to 20

D

25 to 30

  ____  11.   Which of the following was a factor in the growth of southern Slavery?

A

the Navigation Acts

C

the plantation system

B

an increase in colonial shipbuilding

D

the growth of apprenticeship

  ____  12.   Which of the following was legal under slave codes?

A

teaching enslaved people to read and write

B

enslaved people meeting in large numbers

C

the killing of an enslaved person by his or her master

D

an enslaved person owning a weapon

 ____  13.   Every Puritan town with at least 50 families was required

A

to have a grammar school for older students.

B

to start an elementary school.

C

to own a hornbook.

D

to read the Bible.

  ____  14.   What happened to Puritan towns that did not set up the required schools?

A

The towns were closed down.

B

The town’s children were taken to boarding schools.

C

The government forced them to run dame schools.

D

The towns were fined.

  ____  15.   How did the southern gentry usually educate their children?

A

They hired private tutors.

C

They used public schools.

B

They taught their children themselves.

D

They did not educate their children.

  ____  16.   What schools today would compare to Puritan grammar schools?

A

colleges

C

vocational schools

B

elementary schools

D

high schools

  ____  17.   Who was Phillis Wheatley?

A

a colonial singer

C

a colonial poet

B

a colonial novelist

D

a colonial actor

  ____  18.   Who published the Pennsylvania Gazette?

A

Ben Franklin

C

Jonathan Edwards

B

Anne Bradstreet

D

John Locke

 ____  19.   What was the Great Awakening?

A

a belief that all problems could be solved by human reason

B

a Christian revival that swept the colonies in the 1730s and 1740s

C

a decade of creativity in colonial art and literature

D

a widespread belief that American colonies should be independent

  ____  20.   What was Montesquieu’s contribution to ideas about government?

A

the idea of divine right

C

the idea of separation of powers

B

the idea of natural rights

D

the idea of representative democracy

  ____  21.   The Magna Carta was the first document to

A

place limits on the power of wealthy landowners.

B

establish a monarchy.

C

place limits on an English ruler’s power.

D

give greater power to an English ruler.

  ____  22.   The legal rights that Englishmen had led the colonists to

A

support the Navigation Acts.

C

expect a voice in their government.

B

give more power to the monarchy.

D

believe in the separation of powers.

  ____  23.   Unlike modern public schools, colonial public schools included instruction in

A

science.

C

politics.

B

poetry.

D

religion

  Directions: Use the quotation and your knowledge of social studies to answer the questions.

 

“The closeness of the place, and the heat of the climate, added to the number in the ship, which was so crowded that each had scarcely room to turn himself, almost suffocated us….The shrieks of the woman, and the groans of the dying, rendered the whole a scene of horror almost inconceivable.”– The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano

  ____  24.   What does the quote describe?

A

conditions aboard a slave ship headed towards Africa

B

conditions aboard a slave ship crossing the Pacific

C

conditions aboard a slave ship headed towards the Americas

D

conditions aboard a slave ship crossing the Mediterranean

  ____  25.   Enslaved people such as those described in the quote experienced a brutal voyage known as the

A

Gullah.

C

Atlantic Crossing.

B

Middle Passage.

D

Columbian Exchange.

  ____  26.   Which of the following colonies had a ban on Slavery until the 1750s?

A

Virginia

C

Pennsylvania

B

Georgia

D

Maryland

  ____  27.   Whose trial helped establish freedom of the press?

A

John Locke

C

Baron de Montesquieu

B

Phillis Wheatley

D

Peter Zenger

  ____  28.   Most women in colonial America were expected to marry men

A

they fell in love with.

C

who had an honorable occupation.

B

who were regular churchgoers.

D

chosen by their parents.

  ____  29.   At around what age were colonial children expected to begin working?

A

7

C

18

B

15

D

12

  ____  30.   Which of the following led to the rise of many new churches in the colonies?

A

the Magna Carta

C

Locke’s treatises

B

the Great Awakening

D

the Pennsylvania Gazette

  ____  31.   Which of the following is the main reason why colonial authorities wrote slave codes?

A

They did not want slaves leaving plantations without permission.

B

They did not want enslaved people to read and write.

C

They feared slave revolts.

D

They feared antislavery laws.

  ____  32.   Who wrote Poor Richard’s Almanack?

A

John Locke

C

Benjamin Franklin

B

George Whitefield

D

Peter Zenger

  “39. No free man shall be arrested or imprisoned or . . . in any way victimized, neither will we attack him or send anyone to attack him, except by lawful judgment of his peers or by the law of the land.”

—Magna Carta

“That excessive bail ought not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment. inflicted;

“That jurors ought to be duly impanelled [sworn in] . . . and jurors which pass upon men in trials for high treason ought to be freeholders.”

—English Bill of Rights

 Use the excerpts and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  33.   Both the Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights

A

guaranteed all men the right to vote.

B

stated that physical attacks were considered “cruel and unusual punishment.”

C

declared that only a free man has the right to protest his arrest.

D

gave people accused of a crime the right to a trial by jury.

  ____  34.   How did the Magna Carta, the English Parliament, and the English Bill of Rights impact colonial government?

A

They inspired the English colonists to create the Constitution.

B

They led the English colonists to demand representative government.

C

They encouraged the English colonists to give most people the right to vote.

D

They supported the colonists’ demands for self-rule.

  “Fixed gown for Prude, Mended Mother’s Riding Hood, Spun short thread, Fixed two gowns for Welsh’s girls, . . . Pleated and ironed, Read sermon of Dodridge’s, . . . Milked cows, . . . Made broom from Guinea wheat straw, Spun thread to whiten, Set a red dye, . . . Spun harness twice, Scoured pewter. . . .”

—Diary of Abigail Foote, of Colchester, Connecticut

 Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  35.   Based on the list of chores, Abigail Foote is most likely

A

a frontier woman.

C

a young girl.

B

an African American slave.

D

an apprentice.

  ____  36.   Many standard contracts of an indentured servant failed to mention the servant’s wages. Why?

A

Indentured servants paid their employers in order to remain in the colonies.

B

Indentured servants did not collect any wages until they had worked four years.

C

Indentured servants did not get paid any wages.

D

None of the above.

  All servants imported and brought into the Country . . . who were not Christians in their native Country . . . shall be accounted and be slaves. All Negro, mulatto and Indian slaves within this dominion [territory] . . . shall be held to be real estate. If any slave resist his master . . . correcting such slave, and shall happen to be killed in such correction . . . the master shall be free of all punishment . . . as if such accident never happened.

—Law passed by the Virginia General Assembly, 1705

 

Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  37.   The text above is an example of

A

a slave code.

C

a bill of rights.

B

a piece of colonial American literature.

D

instructions for a slave revolt.

  ____  38.   If the English colonies had not had so many plantations, it is likely that

A

settlers would have enslaved Native Americans instead of African Americans.

B

trade between the colonies and Britain would not have existed.

C

Slavery would not have taken root or survived for as long as it did.

D

Parliament would have forbidden slavery.

   Use the information in the box and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:

 ____  39.   One of the earliest forms of colonial literature was

A

dramatic plays.

C

novels.

B

histories.

D

school textbooks.

  ____  40.   Which of these examples of colonial literature was written as part of the Great Awakening?

A

The Tenth Muse, Lately Sprung Up in America

B

“Sinners in the Hands of an Angry God”

C

General History of Virginia

D

“On the Death of Rev. Dr. Sewall”

Completion

Complete each statement.

             1.   The Magna Carta guaranteed the right to trial by ________.

            2.   In 1701, Pennsylvania colonists forced Penn and his council to give up their power

to ________ ________.

             3.   The Zenger case helped establish freedom of the ________ as a basic liberty.

             4.   The English Parliament passed a series of Navigation Acts to support ________.

             5.   Beginning in the 1730s, a wave of religious enthusiasm called the ________ ________

swept through the colonies.

             6.   John Locke and the Baron de Montesquieu were two important thinkers in a movement

called the ________.

             7.   Some women opened ________ schools in their homes to teach young boys and girls

to read and write.

             8.   Colonial grammar schools were something like today’s ________ schools.

             9.   Authorities established slave codes in order to prevent slaves from ________.

           10.   Enslaved Africans crossed the Atlantic on a voyage that became known as the ________.

           11.   Enslaved Africans were ________ to farm and plantation owners.

           12.   By the late 1600s, the southern economy had come to depend on ________ to support

its plantation system.

          13.   Enslaved Africans on rice plantations in South Carolina spoke ________, a practice that

is continued by some in the area today.

 Matching

 Match each item with the correct statement below:

A

gentry

E

Jonathan Edwards

B

Benjamin Franklin

F

Phyllis Wheatley

C

apprentice

G

Anne Bradstreet

D

indentured servant

 

 

____    1.   America’s first published poet

____    2.   preacher who played a role in the Great Awakening

 ____    3.   the upper class of colonial society

 

____    4.   one who agreed to work for a number of years in exchange for ocean passage to the Americas

 

Essay

            1.   Which groups in colonial America were allowed to vote, and which were not?

             2.   How did the growth of the colonial middle class give hope to the colonial poor?

            3.   What were some features of the slave codes, and what was their purpose?

            4.   How were Puritan and other colonial schools different from the public schools of today?

             5.   Explain how Enlightenment thinkers in England and France influenced the formation of the United States government. Include details from the chapter.

             6.   Discuss ways in which African Culture influenced American Culture, using information from the chapter.




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The Citizenship Project
Due Date: 2/7/2014
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

This week students will develop their own immigrant identity and move this personna from alien to citizenship. They will develop a biography of their immigrant, trace his/her steps to becoming a citizen, take the citizenship test and the oath of citizenship.

Instructions for the
Third Nine Weeks
Citizenship Project

1.    Develop a foreign persona. Use the first letter of your last name to identify your country of birth. For example, if your last name is Smith, you could choose: Senegal, South Africa, Saudi Arabia, or Switzerland among others.  Your ‘vitae’ should include your home city, details of your family, and of course how you came to be in the United States.


2.    Explain why you want to be a citizen of the United States.



3.    Describe the steps you have taken to apply for citizenship.



4.    Complete the attached Citizenship Test. You may use any resource available. DO YOUR OWN WORK.


5.    Place all of your work in a presentation folder. The cover sheet should be constructed as the attached.



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The Constitution
Due Date: 1/17/2014
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

This week students will begin a two part study of the origins of the Constitution of the United States. Students will start the study by taking a look at the "Wrongs of the King" as outlined in the Declaration of Independence.Since the Constitution was designed in part as a framework of government that would prohibit a king from ever committing these wrongs against his people, the list is a great place to start our study.

WRONGS OF THE KING

                          

1. He has refused his assent to laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

2. He has forbidden his governors to pass laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

3. He has refused to pass other laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of representation in the legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

4. He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

5. He has dissolved representative houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

6. He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the legislative powers, incapable of annihilation, have returned to the people at large for their exercise; the state remaining in the meantime exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.

7. He has endeavored to prevent the population of these states; for that purpose obstructing the laws for naturalization of foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migration hither, and raising the conditions of new appropriations of lands.

8. He has obstructed the administration of justice, by refusing his assent to laws for establishing judiciary powers.

9. He has made judges dependent on his will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.

10. He has erected a multitude of new offices, and sent hither swarms of officers to harass our people, and eat out their substance.

11. He has kept among us, in times of peace, standing armies without the consent of our legislature.

12. He has affected to render the military independent of and superior to civil power.

13. He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his assent to their acts of pretended legislation:

For quartering large bodies of armed troops among us:

For protecting them, by mock trial, from punishment for any murders which they should commit on the inhabitants of these states:

For cutting off our trade with all parts of the world:

For imposing taxes on us without our consent:

For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of trial by jury:

For transporting us beyond seas to be tried for pretended offenses:

For abolishing the free system of English laws in a neighboring province, establishing therein an arbitrary government, and enlarging its boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule in these colonies:

For taking away our charters, abolishing our most valuable laws, and altering fundamentally the forms of our governments:

For suspending our own legislatures and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever.

14. He has abdicated government here, by declaring us out of his protection and waging war against us.

15. He has plundered our seas, ravaged our coasts, burned our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.

16. He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of cruelty and perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the head of a civilized nation.

17.He has constrained our fellow citizens taken captive on the high seas to bear arms against their country, to become the executioners of their friends and brethren, or to fall themselves by their hands.

18. He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavored to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian savages, whose known rule of warfare is undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.



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Colonial Expansion
Due Date: 10/7/2013
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

This week is a continuation of our study of colonial life with a focus on the original Thirteen Colonies. We will concentrate on their geographies and socio-economic factors that made up their uniqueness.Can you name the Thirteen ?



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Colonial Life
Due Date: 10/4/2013
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

Well, the Europeans came and guess what, they stayed. This week we take the first small steps on the Road to the Revolution. The journey begins with a look at early colonial life. Take the attached quiz and see how much of the trip is familiar.

Textbook reference pages 81-135.

U.S. History to 1877

Colonial Life

 

 

  1. The first successful English colony was at_____________. Started in 1608, the colony had great difficulty until John Smith introduced ____________.
  2. Although King James thought use of this product he called “stinkin weed’ was a ‘vile custom’, the fad caught on quickly in England. The king said it was bad for the __________, ___________,____________, and ___________.
  3. In 1620 the _________ founded a colony in present day Massachusetts. Unlike the Virginia colony, they came to the New World seeking ________ __________.
  4. They formed a government based upon an agreement called the ________ ________. This agreement strengthened the English tradition of governing through ___________ representatives.
  5. The Plymouth colonists above were helped by a Wampanoag Indian named _________. He taught the colonists how to grow ______, ______, and _________ and to catch _____. After the first successful harvest, the colonists celebrated and set aside a day of ____________. Ironically, it was a Wampanoag named _________ that tried to drive the colonists out of Indian territory in 1675.
  6. The ____________ ____ ____________ was started in 1630 by the Puritans. They were   __________ but not ___________ when it came to the Enlightment. They gave us the first _______ ________. They believed in ______________ which meant they had been chosen by God.
  7. Described the provisions of the Navigation Acts.
  8. King James was removed from the English throne in 1689 and replaced by __________ and _____________ of the Netherlands. They signed the _________

________ of _________ in 1689.

  1. In 1636 __________ _________ founded the colony of Connecticut. He formed a government based on the document called the Fundamental _______ of Connecticut. It gave the vote to ________ _________ ________ who were property owners, even if they weren’t church members. It also limited the power of the ___________.
  2. Roger Williams believed the _______ _________ had too much power. He believed in separation of church and _______. In 1636, he founded ________ ________, which had no state church, required no church ________, and gave the _______ to all white men.
  3. In 1664, British warships entered the harbor at New Netherlands. ________ __________, the governor, surrendered & the colony became _____ ______ named after King Charles II’s _________.
  4. In 1702, _______ _________ separated from New York. It became the first ___________ colony which was a colony governed directly by the _______.
  5. William Penn, a __________ founded ________________ in 1682 to promote religious tolerance.
  6. Describe the three main doctrines of Penn’s sect.
  7. Maryland was originally founded by Sir George Calvert, a __________ but a close friend of the king. He died before it could be started, but his son Lord ________ completed the project. It was named for Queen Henrietta _______.
  8. Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon surveyed the 244 mile boundary between _____________ and _____________.
  9. North Carolina was formed in 1712 mostly from __________ farmers from Virginia.
  10. South Carolina was formed in 1719 with __________ plantations. The principal crops were ______ and _________.
  11. Georgia was formed in 1732 by James ___________. The first settlers were

__________. At first, the farms could not be larger than ________ and there were no________.

 

 

 

 

head                                  slaves               Oglethorpe                  heart                Maria

Jamestown                         Pilgrims              Baltimore                    Quaker             eels

religious                             Roman Catholic                                 Pennsylvania (2)   

Metacon                            Mayflower          1000 acres                   Maryland         corn

Elected                              beans               William                        governor          crown

tobacco                              Squanto           Massachusetts             New Jersey      rice

Puritan                               state                 Rhode Island              indigo 

pumpkins                           strict                Peter                           attendance       Bill

Stuyvesant                         vote                 church                         English            public

brother                               Rights              white                          debtors           Orders

schools                              Thomas            election                      500 acres         all

men                                  Thanksgiving   freedom                       New York          eyes

nose                                 narrow-minded                                     Hooker           Bay

Colony                              Mary                                                    proprietary      large                                                                                 

     



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European Exploration of the New World
Due Date: 9/13/2013
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

THE COLUMBIAN AGE BEGINS

For the next two weeks we will be following in the footsteps of the early European explorers. Once again we will look at the effects of geography on this exploration along with the contributions of  European culture and religion. The Summary Guide for this unit will be released on Tuesday, September the 3rd. Textbook material begins on page 50.

 

 



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Welcome Back to the Time Machine
Due Date: 8/27/2013
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

No, it's not Johnny Depp , but it is his inspiration for his 'Tonto' in  "The Lone Ranger". He is a Native American member of the Crow Tribe that inhabitited the Great Plains before and during the European expansion into the New World. This week we continue our study of these cultures and how the geography of North America affected their development. Students will explore various tribes and investigate their pilgrimage from hunter- gatherers to farmers and traders. You can click on the link below to see more Native Anerican photos.

nationalgeographic.com/magazine/0409     click on Flashback photo archives



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Summer Walkabout
Due Date: 8/4/2013
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

THE TIME TRAVELER HAS GONE WALKABOUT.

SEE YOU IN AUGUST 2013. HAVE A GREAT SUMMER.



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Citizenship/Immigration Project
Due Date: 1/31/2013
Subject: 8th Grade U.S. Histlory

The Citizenship/Immigration Project will finish up on February 8th. In this project students will develop a foreign persona complete with a detailed biography which will include home village /city, parents, siblings, and socio-economic background. The biography written in first person will explain how their person got to the United States and why they would want to become a U.S. citizen. Students will describe the steps they have taken to apply for citizenship. (page 269 in textbook). They will take the citizenship test and go through an interview. After passing the interview they will take the Oath of Allegiance.Students should be reminded that a photo of their person is required for their portfolio.

This week will conclude the unit on Government and Citizenship and the class will begin the unit on Launching the New Government.

TEXT @AE44 to 662-298-1874 to sign up for class updates.